Clinical Epidemiology of Osteoporosis among Elderly Fishing and Agricultural Population in Taipei, Taiwan

Main Article Content

Chin-Yu Lee
Pei-En Chen
Tao-Hsin Tung

Keywords

agricultural and fishing population, elderly, osteoporosis, prevalence

Abstract

 


Purpose
This article is aimed to evaluate through quantification the prevalence and related aspects of osteopo-rosis among the aging people working in the fishing and agricultural areas in Taipei, Taiwan.


Methods
The population (n=4360) aged 65 years and above and who were admitted to a teaching hospital for a physical examination in 2010 were involved in this study. Osteoporosis is defined as bone min-eral density (BMD) of 2.5 standard deviation (SD) or more under the young adult mean value (−2.5 SD or inferior).


Results
The population presented an over-occurrence of osteoporosis, scoring 34.4%, and exposed a statisti-cally important rise with cumulative age (P<0.001). Female population displayed a higher incidence than male population (48.1% vs. 26.4%; P<0.001). The age-specific frequency of osteoporosis in 65–74 years, 75–84 years, and ≥85 years was 27.7, 40.0, and 56.7%, respectively. The multinomial logis-tic regression showed that age (odds ratio [OR]=1.07, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.06–1.09), body height (OR=0.98, 95% CI: 0.97–0.99), body weight (OR=0.97, 95% CI: 0.95–099), waist circumference (OR=1.02, 95% CI: 1.00–1.03), total cholesterol (OR=1.01, 95% CI: 1.00–1.02), uric acid (OR=0.90, 95% CI: 0.85–0.95), and regular habits of meat intake (OR=1.47, 95% CI:1.19–1.75) were statistically significantly associated with osteoporosis.


Conclusion
Numerous medical aspects were individualistically specified, relating the occurrence of osteoporosis in the elderly among the population involved in fishing and agriculture.


 

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