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Seyong Jang
Wi-Young So


taekwondo, Concentration


Background and Objective

This study verified the effect of short-term outdoor taekwondo training on the attention and mood state of taekwondo players.

Material and Methods

Eighteen taekwondo players were divided into an indoor taekwondo group (n=9) and an outdoor taekwondo group (n=9). Concentration, mood state, and subjective exercise intensity were measured initially and after the training intervention.


The results showed that first, taekwondo training in the natural environment was effective in improving the concentration of the players, rather than the indoor taekwondo training (F=4.736, p=0.045). Second, interaction effects were found for the mood states of anger and hostility (F=19.782, p<0.001), vigour (F=36.971,p<0.001),  and  fatigue  (F=39.878, p<0.001). The outdoor taekwondo group showed positive changes as compared to the indoor taekwondo group. Third, although both groups underwent the same training, the group subjected to outdoor taekwondo training considered the training to be lower in intensity than the indoor taekwondo group (t=5.245, p<0.001).


The various physical stimuli that one experiences in a natural environment, such as plants, light, sound, and air, provide refreshing sensations that have a positive effect on the concentration and mood state of taekwondo players. We suggest that training in a natural environment can help improve taekwondo performance.


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