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Original Research

Open Access


  • Duk Han Ko1
  • Kyujin Lee2
  • Jinwook Chung1

1Department of Sports Science Convergence, Dongguk University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

2Department of Physical Education, Institution of Sports Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

DOI: 10.15586/jomh.v16i3.253 Vol.16,Issue 3,July 2020 pp.29-37

Published: 16 July 2020

*Corresponding Author(s): Kyujin Lee E-mail:
*Corresponding Author(s): Jinwook Chung E-mail:



Cardiac rehabilitation programs reduce the likelihood of relapse and cardiac arrest in patients with cor-onary artery disease. The goal of this study was to compare and analyze changes in cardiovascular risk factors and physical fitness in patients who participated in short-term (ST) and long-term (LT) cardiac rehabilitation programs following coronary artery percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).


This study included 193 men aged ≥45 years who received PCI for coronary artery occlusive disease. The participants were divided into ST program participants (3 months, 108 participants; ST group) and LT program participants (12 months, 85 participants; LT group). Blood lipids analysis, body composition, and physical fitness tests were performed to assess cardiovascular risk factors and physical fitness. Paired t-test and two-way ANOVA with repeated measures were used to investigate the effect of the intervention.


Both groups had significant improvements after cardiac rehabilitation in body fat, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, exercise duration, heart rate (HR) at rest, double product peak, VO2 peak, 6-min walking, and sit-to-stand, compared to baseline. The LT group also had significant improvements after cardiac rehabili-tation in waist circumference (WC), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), and HR peak. LT group had significantly improved effect than ST group in WC, TC, TG, exercise time, HR peak, and 6-min walking.


The cardiac rehabilitation program led to improved cardiovascular risk factors and physical fitness, and the LT program was more effective than the ST program.


cardiac rehabilitation; risk factor; fitness; percutaneous coronary intervention

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