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Original Research

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A COMPARISON OF THE EFFECTS OF GENERAL ANESTHESIA VERSUS SPINAL ANESTHESIA ON CATHETER-RELATED BLADDER DISCOMFORT AFTER HoLEP: A PROSPECTIVE TRIAL

  • A Ram Doo1,2
  • Yu Seob Shin2,3
  • Juhan Mun1,2
  • Deokkyu Kim1,2
  • Jong Kwan Park2,3

1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Jeonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Republic of Korea

2Research Institute of Clinical Medicine of Jeonbuk National University-Biomedical Research Institute of Jeonbuk National University Hospital, Jeonju, Republic of Korea

3Department of Urology, Jeonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Republic of Korea

DOI: 10.15586/jomh.v16iSP1.227 Vol.16,Issue SP1,April 2020 pp.25-34

Published: 01 April 2020

*Corresponding Author(s): Yu Seob Shin E-mail: ball1210@hanmail.net

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Abstract

Background and objective

Using an indwelling urinary catheter during lower urinary tract surgeries frequently leads to cathe-ter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD) in the immediate postoperative period. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of general and spinal anesthesia on CRBD in patients who underwent Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP).

Material and methods

This clinical trial included male patients who underwent HoLEP for benign prostatic hyperplasia. Forty-five participants were divided into two groups: general anesthesia and spinal anesthesia. The incidence and the severity of CRBD were assessed postoperatively for 24 h. The severity of CRBD was graded using an 11-point scale (0 = no CRBD, 10 = worst CRBD imaginable). Moderate to severe CRBD, having a score of ≥4, was treated with 1 μg/kg fentanyl incrementally every 5 min during imme-diate postoperative period, and the total consumption was compared between the two groups.

Results

The overall incidence of CRBD 24 h following HoLEP was 80% in the general anesthesia group, which was significantly higher than that of the spinal anesthesia group (p = 0.017). The severity of CRBD was significantly lower in the spinal anesthesia group compared with the general anesthesia group postoper-atively at 2 and 6 h (p < 0.001 and p = 0.005 respectively). Furthermore, opioid consumption was signifi-cantly higher in the general anesthesia group compared with the spinal anesthesia group (p = 0.009).

Conclusion

Spinal anesthesia has a CRBD-reductive effect compared with general anesthesia during the early postoperative hours following HoLEP.

Keywords

benign prostatic hyperplasia; recovery; urinary catheter

Cite and Share

A Ram Doo,Yu Seob Shin,Juhan Mun,Deokkyu Kim,Jong Kwan Park. A COMPARISON OF THE EFFECTS OF GENERAL ANESTHESIA VERSUS SPINAL ANESTHESIA ON CATHETER-RELATED BLADDER DISCOMFORT AFTER HoLEP: A PROSPECTIVE TRIAL. Journal of Men's Health. 2020. 16(SP1);25-34.

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