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THE RELATIONSHIP OF EXERCISE FREQUENCY TO BODY COMPOSITION AND PHYSICAL FITNESS IN DORMITORY-DWELLING UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

  • Seok Hee Kim1,†
  • Hyuek Jong Lee2,†
  • Wi-Young So3

1Assistant Professor, School of Humanities and Social Science, College of Liberal Arts and Convergence Science, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon-si, Republic of Korea

2Postdoctoral Fellow, Key laboratory of Animal Ecology and Conservation Biology, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, People’s Republic of China

3Associate Professor, Sports and Health Care Major, College of Humanities and Arts, Korea National University of Transportation, Chungju-si, Korea

DOI: 10.22347/1875-6859.14.1.6 Vol.14,Issue 1,January 2018 pp.32-43

Published: 01 January 2018

*Corresponding Author(s): Wi-Young So E-mail: wowso@ut.ac.kr

† These authors contributed equally.

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Abstract

Background and Objective

The health benefi ts of regular exercise are well known, and the transition to adulthood is an important time for establishing exercise habits. In this study, we aimed to identify the degree of obesity prevention and fi tness according to exercise level in male and female university students who live in dormitories.

Material and Methods

This study included 1,808 university dormitory residents, 1,263 men and 545 women, who completed a sociodemographic questionnaire and were classifi ed into groups according to exercise habit. Sociodemo-graphic data were expressed as frequency and percent, and one-way analysis of variance was conducted to examine the group diff erence according to exercise habit.

Results

Weight, muscle mass, lean body mass, and basal metabolism were signifi cantly higher in male university students living in dormitories who habitually exercise at least 3 times a week compared to those who exercise less often (p<0.05). The body mass index was higher in female university students living in dormitories who exercise at least 3 times a week compared to those who exercise less often (p<0.05). The former group could also perform a greater number of sit-ups (p<0.01) and had greater back strength (p<0.01) and faster whole-body reaction time (p<0.01). Women who exercised at least once a week could perform more push-ups versus those who did not exercise (p<0.01). Male university students living in dormitory who exercise at least 3 times a week had higher systolic blood pressure and greater grip strength than male students who exercised twice a week or less (p<0.05); they could also do more push-ups (p<0.05).

Conclusion

University students who exercise at least 3 times a week have somewhat higher fi tness and healthier body composition compared to those who exercise twice a week or less. These diff erences may impact lifetime fi tness and body composition.

Cite and Share

Seok Hee Kim,Hyuek Jong Lee,Wi-Young So. THE RELATIONSHIP OF EXERCISE FREQUENCY TO BODY COMPOSITION AND PHYSICAL FITNESS IN DORMITORY-DWELLING UNIVERSITY STUDENTS. Journal of Men's Health. 2018. 14(1);32-43.

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