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Original Research

Open Access


  • Pei-En Chen1,2
  • Hsi-Che Shen3
  • Yi-Chun Hu3,4
  • Yu-Fen Chen5,6,7
  • Tao-Hsin Tung2

1Taiwan Association of Health Industry Management and Development, Taipei, Taiwan

2Department of Medical Research and Education, Cheng Hsin General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan

3Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan

4Health Promotion Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare

5Oriental Institute of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan

6Division for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health, Taipei City Government, Taipei, Taiwan

7Institute of Health and Welfare Policy, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan

DOI: 10.22374/jomh.v15i2.106 Vol.15,Issue 2,April 2019 pp.1-11

Published: 01 April 2019

*Corresponding Author(s): Tao-Hsin Tung E-mail:

PDF (5.41 MB)



This study was conducted to explore the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and identify associated risk factors in an elderly male occupational population in Taipei, Taiwan.


A total of 2734 healthy subjects over age 65 voluntarily presented to a teaching hospital for a physical check-up in 2010. Demographic data and blood test results were collected. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed according to NCEP ATP III criteria.


The mean age of study participants was 74.4±6.6 years. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was estimated at 29.9% (95%CI: 28.2%-31.6%). After adjustment for confounding factors, higher body-mass index (OR=1.50, 95%CI 1.41–1.62), higher mean body fat (% of total mass, OR=1.11, 95%CI: 1.04–1.20), elevated serum uric acid (OR=1.13, 95%CI: 1.02–1.26), and elevated alanine aminotransferase (OR=1.01, 95%CI: 1.00–1.02), and sedentary lifestyle (yes vs. no, OR=1.22, 95%CI: 1.09–1.37) were identified as the most significant risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome.


The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is related to several cardiovascular risk factors. Health initiatives directed towards preventing and treating metabolic syndrome could significantly reduce the prevalence of diabetes and cardiovascular disease in this older population. 


male, metabolic syndrome, occupational population, elderly

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