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Original Research

Open Access


  • Hae Won Kim1,2
  • Seong Eun Kim3
  • Hye Young Ahn4
  • Eun Ju Lee5
  • Jung Lim Lee6
  • Saem Yi Kang1
  • Seo Yun Kim1
  • Young Jin Lee1
  • Youngji Kim7

1College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

2College of Nursing, the Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

3College of Nursing, Woosuk University, Wanju-gun, Jeollabuk-do, Republic of Korea

4College of Nursing, Eulji University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea

5Department of Nursing, Inha University, Incheon, Republic of Korea

6Department of Nursing, Woosong University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea

7Department of Nursing, College of Nursing and Health, Kongju National University, Gongju-si, Chungcheongnam-do, Republic of Korea

DOI: 10.22374/jomh.v15i2.127 Vol.15,Issue 2,April 2019 pp.47-57

Published: 01 April 2019

*Corresponding Author(s): Youngji Kim E-mail:

PDF (491.64 kB)


Background and objective

The human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is usually asymptomatic, may affect both sexes, and is easily transmitted. Providing male adolescents with information about HPV prevention before sexu-ally active state is important. This study was designed to gain a better understanding of the percep-tions on HPV severity, knowledge on ways to prevent HPV infection, and influencing factors toward preventive measures in male adolescents.

Materials and methods

A self-administered questionnaire was completed by students aged 13–17 years from six schools in Seoul and the surrounding metropolitan area, from October to December 2014. A total of 615 male adolescents participated in this cross-sectional survey.


Only 58 (9.5%) boys had heard of HPV. They perceived HPV infection as a disease more severe in girls. Perceptions of HPV as a sexually transmitted infection (STI) in boys (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 1.79, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.00–3.19, p<0.05) and a cause of cancer in girls (AOR=2.69, 95% CI=1.26–5.84, p<0.05) were associated with the intention to maintain monogamous sexual relation-ships. Alcohol consumption was associated with the intention of postponing sexual intercourse (AOR=0.53, 95% CI=0.34–0.82, p<0.01) and having a sister was associated with the intention of being vaccinated against HPV (AOR=1.48, 95% CI=1.03–2.13, p<0.05).


Increasing awareness on the severity of HPV affected the intentions of male adolescents to prevent HPV infection. Efforts should be made to maximize awareness of HPV as a causative agent of cancer and a common STI in both boys and girls. Education materials on the influence of HPV infection and steps to be taken for proactive prevention should be included in school health subjects. Special consid-eration should be given for the preventive vaccination of male adolescents nationwide.


adolescent health; papillomaviridae; severity; intention; sexually transmitted diseases; HPV

Cite and Share



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