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Personal resources and their relationship to job crafting and burnout: a challenge for male nurses as a minority group

  • África Martos Martínez1
  • María del Mar Molero Jurado1,*,
  • María del Carmen Pérez-Fuentes1,2
  • Ana Belén Barragán Martín1
  • José Jesús Gázquez Linares3

1Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Almería, 04120 Almeria, Spain

2Department of Psychology, Universidad Politécnica y Artística del Paraguay, 1628 Asunción, Paraguay

3Department of Psychology, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, 7500912 Providencia, Chile

DOI: 10.22514/jomh.2022.007 Vol.18,Issue 12,December 2022 pp.24-37

Submitted: 09 July 2022 Accepted: 21 September 2022

Published: 30 December 2022

*Corresponding Author(s): María del Mar Molero Jurado E-mail:


The heavy workload and pressure to which nurses are subjected leads to an increase in stress-related problems, such as burnout. Personal resources, such as job crafting, proactive personality, self-efficacy and regulatory focus are fundamental in palliating negative effects in the work environment and reducing quitting by male nurses. The objective of this study was to analyze individual differences, with attention to proactive personality, regulatory approach and general self-efficacy in job crafting, and to determine the predictive power of these variables for burnout in nurses. The sample was made up of 643 nurses. After correlation and descriptive analyses, multiple linear regression models were computed to find out the possible predictor role of the individual variables on burnout. The results showed that job crafting, proactive personality, general self-efficacy and the promotion regulatory focus were associated with a decrease in burnout in nurses. Similarly, the predictive models for each of the factors in burnout in all cases included the increase in structural resources dimension of job crafting as the variable with the most weight. Furthermore, self-efficacy, increase in job crafting social resources and proactive personality were mediators in this relationship for personal impact, social climate and job dissatisfaction factors of burnout. These findings are significant for improving performance of nurses and increasing their retention, which could be especially significant among male nurses.


Job crafting; Burnout; Proactive personality; Self-efficacy; Regulatory approach; Nursing

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África Martos Martínez,María del Mar Molero Jurado,María del Carmen Pérez-Fuentes,Ana Belén Barragán Martín,José Jesús Gázquez Linares. Personal resources and their relationship to job crafting and burnout: a challenge for male nurses as a minority group. Journal of Men's Health. 2022. 18(12);24-37.


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