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Original Research

Open Access

Effect of two different exercises on balance, pain and ankle motor function in male college students with chronic ankle instability

  • Young-Jun Park1
  • Yeong-Hyun Cho1
  • Tae-Beom Seo1,*,

1Department of Kinesiology, College of Natural Science, Jeju National University, 63243 Jeju, Republic of Korea

DOI: 10.22514/jomh.2023.009 Vol.19,Issue 2,February 2023 pp.51-57

Submitted: 16 September 2022 Accepted: 22 December 2022

Published: 28 February 2023

*Corresponding Author(s): Tae-Beom Seo E-mail: seotb@jejunu.ac.kr

Abstract

Strength and proprioceptive exercise are known to be representative exercise methods used in patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI) and they are effective in restoring ankle stability and body balance, which gets reduced by repetitive ankle sprains. But, there is a lack of data comparing the effects of strengthening or proprioceptive exercise rehabilitation program for CAI patients. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of a 4-week exercise program on ankle range of motion (ROM), static/dynamic balance, and drop landing in college students with CAI. The subjects of this study were 21 male college students who had the Cumberland ankle instability tool (CAIT) questionnaire scores of 24 or less, and they were divided into three groups; the non-treated group (NTG), the traditional strength exercise group (SEG) and the proprioceptive exercise group (PEG). The exercise rehabilitation program was applied 3 times a week for 4 weeks. To examine the difference between groups, CAIT, visual analogue scale (VAS), body composition, ankle ROM, one-leg standing with eyes closed and Y-balance test (YBT) as well as center of pressure (COP) 95% confidence ellipse area during drop landing were measured before and after the exercise intervention. CAIT scores and static balance were significantly increased in the PEG compared to the NTG and the SEG, and ankle dorsiflexion ROM and Y-balance were significantly increased in the SEG and the PEG compared to the NTG. In addition, pain, ankle inversion ROM, and COP 95% confidence ellipse area were significantly reduced in the SEG and the PEG compared to the NTG. The proprioceptive exercise program is thought to be effective therapeutic approach on improving the symptoms of CAI patients.


Keywords

Chronic ankle instability; Male students; Strengthening exercise; Proprioceptive exercise; Range of motion


Cite and Share

Young-Jun Park,Yeong-Hyun Cho,Tae-Beom Seo. Effect of two different exercises on balance, pain and ankle motor function in male college students with chronic ankle instability. Journal of Men's Health. 2023. 19(2);51-57.

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