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Original Research

Open Access

The efficacy of different training programs guided by cardiopulmonary exercise test goals for the treatment of male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

  • Hong Shen1,†
  • Jinfeng Zhang1,†
  • Fanghui Qiu1,*,
  • Yijie Dai1
  • Jun Wang1
  • Fu Tian1

1Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Affiliated Hangzhou First People’s Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, 310006 Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China

DOI: 10.22514/jomh.2023.093 Vol.19,Issue 9,September 2023 pp.127-134

Submitted: 23 June 2023 Accepted: 19 September 2023

Published: 30 September 2023

*Corresponding Author(s): Fanghui Qiu E-mail: fhui_qiu0612@163.com

† These authors contributed equally.

Abstract

To explore the therapeutic effect of aerobic exercise nursing plans based on target heart rate in cardiopulmonary exercise tests on male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This study recruited 90 male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who met specific screening criteria and were evenly divided into a control group and an experimental group based on a random number table. The control group received respiratory training based on the target heart rate in the cardiopulmonary exercise test, while the experimental group received aerobic exercise based on the target heart rate in the cardiopulmonary exercise test. Both groups received 12 weeks of exercise each. Cardiopulmonary function tests showed that peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2), anaerobic threshold (AT), forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), and the FEV1/FVC ratio in the test group were significantly higher than those in the control group (p < 0.05); furthermore, the carbon dioxide ventilation equivalent (VE/VCO2) slope was significantly lower than that in the control group (p < 0.05). The 6MWT of the test group was significantly higher than that in the control group (p < 0.05). The CAT score, Borg score and scores related to the symptoms, activities, and impacts related to quality-of-life were significantly reduced after intervention (p < 0.05). Aerobic exercise based on cardiopulmonary exercise testing can improve the health status, quality of life and prognosis of COPD patients.


Keywords

COPD; Male; Cardiopulmonary exercise test; Aerobic exercise; Nursing effect


Cite and Share

Hong Shen,Jinfeng Zhang,Fanghui Qiu,Yijie Dai,Jun Wang,Fu Tian. The efficacy of different training programs guided by cardiopulmonary exercise test goals for the treatment of male patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Journal of Men's Health. 2023. 19(9);127-134.

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