Article Data

  • Views 730
  • Dowloads 132

Original Research

Open Access

Influencing factors and knowledge related to AIDS among high-risk male population in Chongqing

  • Haibo Liu1
  • Hong Xu1,*,

1College of Public Health, Chongqing Medical University, 401331 Chongqing, China

DOI: 10.22514/jomh.2023.120 Vol.19,Issue 11,November 2023 pp.96-101

Submitted: 24 July 2023 Accepted: 23 October 2023

Published: 30 November 2023

*Corresponding Author(s): Hong Xu E-mail:


This study aims to investigate the influencing factors and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) related knowledge among high-risk male population in Chongqing. A total of 388 men who had sex with their fellow men (MSM) and volunteered for counseling or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing in Chongqing were divided into two groups identified as: aware group (n = 299) and unaware group (n = 89). According to the study subjects, the MSM sentinel surveillance questionnaire of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention was utilized to investigate their AIDS awareness demographic and behavioral characteristics. Univariate analysis was also applied to analyze the influencing factors of their AIDS knowledge. Binary multivariate logistic analysis was further used to screen the independent risk factors of AIDS inadequate knowledge, leading to the use of regression analysis model. Furthermore, hosmer and lemeshow were employed to test the goodness and fitness of the regression analysis model. Finally, SPSS was used to draw receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves to evaluate the predictive value of the regression analysis model. Among 388 respondents, 299 participants were aware while 89 participants were unaware of AIDS-related knowledge with an overall awareness rate of 77.06%; univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that education (high school and below) and household registration (other places) were risk factors for AIDS-related knowledge in high-risk male groups in Chongqing. In addition, a probability model predicted high incidence of AIDS in high-risk male groups in Chongqing because of inadequate AIDS knowledge: P = 1/[1 + exp (1.429 − 1.169X2 − 0.969X3)]. The overall level of awareness of AIDS-related knowledge among high-risk male groups in Chongqing was not high because of low education levels (high school or below) and foreign household registration.


Chongqing area; Male high-risk group; AIDS-related knowledge; Awareness; Influencing factors; Regression model

Cite and Share

Haibo Liu,Hong Xu. Influencing factors and knowledge related to AIDS among high-risk male population in Chongqing. Journal of Men's Health. 2023. 19(11);96-101.


[1] Wang Y, Ji S, Xia X, Wan T, Zou J, Li B, et al. Proteomic investigation and biomarker identification of lung and spleen deficiency syndrome in HIV/AIDS immunological nonresponders. Journal of Thoracic Disease. 2023; 15: 1460–1472.

[2] Truda VSS, Falci DR, Porfírio FMV, de Santos D, Junior FIO, Pasqualotto AC, et al. A contemporary investigation of burden and natural history of aspergillosis in people living with HIV/AIDS. Mycoses. 2023; 66: 632–638.

[3] Nyaga R. The HIV/AIDS pandemic in Kenya: an investigation into the perceptions of Kenyans toward people living with HIV/AIDS and government programmes. African Journal of AIDS Research. 2020; 19: 117–122.

[4] Tariq A, Kim H, Abbas H, Lucas GM, Atta MG. Pharmacotherapeutic options for kidney disease in HIV positive patients. Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy. 2021; 22: 69–82.

[5] Ma Y, Cui Y, Hu Q, Mubarik S, Yang D, Jiang Y, et al. Long-term changes of HIV/AIDS incidence rate in China and the U.S. population from 1994 to 2019: a join-point and age-period-cohort analysis. Frontiers in Public Health. 2021; 9: 652868.

[6] Zhang L, Yu H, Luo H, Rong W, Meng X, Du X, et al. HIV/AIDS-related knowledge and attitudes among Chinese college students and associated factors: a cross-sectional study. Frontiers in Public Health. 2021; 9: 804626.

[7] Zhao C, Xiang X, Guo K, Liu X, Cao J, Li C, et al. Study on knowledge, attitudes and behaviours about AIDS among undergraduates of China. Current HIV Research. 2021; 19: 304–310.

[8] Qashqari FS, Alsafi RT, Kabrah SM, AlGary RA, Naeem SA, Alsulami MS, et al. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS transmission modes and attitudes toward HIV/AIDS infected people and the level of HIV/AIDS awareness among the general population in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia: a cross-sectional study. Frontiers in Public Health. 2022; 10: 955458.

[9] Youssef L, Hallit S, Sacre H, Salameh P, Cherfan M, Akel M, et al. Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards people living with HIV/AIDS in Lebanon. PLOS ONE. 2021; 16: e0249025.

[10] Tang J, Zheng Y, Zhang D, Yu X, Ren J, Li M, et al. Evaluation of an AIDS educational mobile game (AIDS fighter · health defense) for young students to improve AIDS-related knowledge, stigma, and attitude linked to high-risk behaviors in China: randomized controlled trial. JMIR Serious Games. 2022; 10: e32400.

[11] Tu F, Yang R, Li R, Du G, Liu Y, Li W, et al. Structural equation model analysis of HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitude, and sex education among freshmen in Jiangsu, China. Frontiers in Public Health. 2022; 10: 892422.

[12] Liu Y, Lu L, Wang YY, Wilkinson MR, Ren YM, Wang CC, et al. Effects of health education on HIV/AIDS related knowledge among first year university students in China. African Health Sciences. 2020; 20: 1582–1590.

[13] Joorbonyan H, Ghaffari M, Rakhshanderou S. Peer-led theoretically Desinged HIV/AIDS prevention intervention among students: a case of health belief model. BMC Public Health. 2022; 22: 8.

[14] Niedźwiedzka-Stadnik M, Nowakowska-Radziwonka E, Rosińska M, Szmulik-Misiurek K, Marzec-Bogusławska A. HIV infections and AIDS in Poland in 2019. Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny. 2021; 75: 626–645.

[15] Martínez-Cajas J, Alvarado-Llano B, Martínez-Buitrago E, Torres-Isasiga J, Arrivillaga M, Camargo P, et al. AC-2020-12-1420.R1—HIV care providers’ familiarity, concerns, and attitudes about HIV PrEP in Colombia: insights from the PrEP-Col-Study. AIDS Care. 2022; 34: 1428–1434.

[16] Van Beckhoven D, Florence E, De Wit S, Wyndham-Thomas C, Sasse A, Van Oyen H, et al. Incidence rate, predictors and outcomes of interruption of HIV care: nationwide results from the Belgian HIV cohort. HIV Medicine. 2020; 21: 557–566.

[17] Wang S, Wang J, Xu P, Lyu W, Han M. Spatial analysis of HIV/AIDS cases among out-of-school youth aged 15–24 years—China, 2010–2020. China CDC Weekly. 2021; 3: 1015–1017.

[18] Yusuf H, Fields E, Arrington-Sanders R, Griffith D, Agwu AL. HIV preexposure prophylaxis among adolescents in the US: a review. JAMA Pediatrics. 2020; 174: 1102–1108.

Abstracted / indexed in

Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch) Created as SCI in 1964, Science Citation Index Expanded now indexes over 9,200 of the world’s most impactful journals across 178 scientific disciplines. More than 53 million records and 1.18 billion cited references date back from 1900 to present.

Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition aims to evaluate a journal’s value from multiple perspectives including the journal impact factor, descriptive data about a journal’s open access content as well as contributing authors, and provide readers a transparent and publisher-neutral data & statistics information about the journal.

Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) DOAJ is a unique and extensive index of diverse open access journals from around the world, driven by a growing community, committed to ensuring quality content is freely available online for everyone.

SCImago The SCImago Journal & Country Rank is a publicly available portal that includes the journals and country scientific indicators developed from the information contained in the Scopus® database (Elsevier B.V.)

Publication Forum - JUFO (Federation of Finnish Learned Societies) Publication Forum is a classification of publication channels created by the Finnish scientific community to support the quality assessment of academic research.

Scopus: CiteScore 0.9 (2023) Scopus is Elsevier's abstract and citation database launched in 2004. Scopus covers nearly 36,377 titles (22,794 active titles and 13,583 Inactive titles) from approximately 11,678 publishers, of which 34,346 are peer-reviewed journals in top-level subject fields: life sciences, social sciences, physical sciences and health sciences.

Norwegian Register for Scientific Journals, Series and Publishers Search for publication channels (journals, series and publishers) in the Norwegian Register for Scientific Journals, Series and Publishers to see if they are considered as scientific. (

Submission Turnaround Time