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The level of the aggression in karate athletes with different handedness and belt grades

  • Yaser Alikhajeh1
  • Maghsoud Nabilpour1
  • Gholam Rasul Mohammad Rahimi2
  • Mozhgan Ghollasimood3
  • Fatma Hilal Yagin4,*,
  • Burak Yagin4
  • Mehmet Gülü5
  • Luca Paolo Ardigò6,*,

1Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabil, 676W+5CX Ardabil, Iran

2Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, 8G5F+8JQ Mashhad, Iran

3Master of Science in Exercise Physiology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, 8G5F+8JQ Mashhad, Iran

4Department of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, Faculty of Medicine, Inonu University, 44000 Malatya, Turkey

5Department of Sports Management, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Kirikkale University, 71450 Kirikkale, Turkey

6Department of Teacher Education, NLA Høgskolen, 0166 Oslo, Norway

DOI: 10.22514/jomh.2024.003 Vol.20,Issue 1,January 2024 pp.7-13

Submitted: 29 June 2023 Accepted: 01 September 2023

Published: 30 January 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Fatma Hilal Yagin E-mail:
*Corresponding Author(s): Luca Paolo Ardigò E-mail:


Karate athletes with different lateral talents possess different functions in terms of skills and personality characteristics in a way that handedness can be considered an advantage. Given that there is a paucity of research in the domain of personality characteristics, handedness and belt grades, the current research aims to investigate the relationship between handedness and belt grades with aggression among karate athletes. 120 male karate athletes participated. To measure handedness, we used Annette’s handedness questionnaire and to measure aggression, we used Bredemeier’s aggression questionnaire. The questionnaires were distributed among participants one day before the tournament. A two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to measure the effects of belt grades and handedness on the level of aggression. The results of the study indicated that there was no statistically significant difference in the average level of aggression between left-handed and right-handed karate athletes. There was also no statistically significant difference in the average level of aggression between karate athletes with different belt grades.


Functional laterality; Handedness; Reactive aggression; Instrumental aggression; Martial arts

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Yaser Alikhajeh,Maghsoud Nabilpour,Gholam Rasul Mohammad Rahimi,Mozhgan Ghollasimood,Fatma Hilal Yagin,Burak Yagin,Mehmet Gülü,Luca Paolo Ardigò. The level of the aggression in karate athletes with different handedness and belt grades. Journal of Men's Health. 2024. 20(1);7-13.


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