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Exploration of experiences and attitudes associated with lung health promotion among Black males with a history of smoking

  • Alicia K. Matthews1,*,
  • Suchanart Inwanna2,3
  • Dami Oyaluade4
  • Alexis Chappel5
  • Jennifer Akufo2
  • Sage J. Kim6
  • Rohan Jeremiah2

1School of Nursing, Columbia University, New York, NY 10001, USA

2College of Nursing, the University of Illinois Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA

3Ramathibodi School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, 10400 Bangkok, Thailand

4Cancer Center, the University of Illinois Hospital, Chicago, IL 60612, USA

5Northeastern Illinois University, Chicago, IL 60625, USA

6School of Public Health, the University of Illinois Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA

DOI: 10.22514/jomh.2024.005 Vol.20,Issue 1,January 2024 pp.20-34

Submitted: 08 September 2023 Accepted: 26 September 2023

Published: 30 January 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Alicia K. Matthews E-mail: akm2238@cumc.columbia.edu

Abstract

To examine knowledge and attitudes about lung health promotion (smoking cessation and lung cancer screening) among Black male smokers in a large Midwestern city in the United States. Semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with 25 study participants. Each interview lasted approximately 45 minutes. Participants also completed a brief (5–10 minutes) survey measuring demographic characteristics, smoking experiences and knowledge and attitudes about lung health promotion activities. Descriptive statistics were used for quantitative data, and deductive thematic analysis for qualitative data analysis. The mean age of study participants was 57.5 years. Eighty-four percent of participants were current smokers, with the majority being daily smokers. Perceived risk for lung cancer was mixed, with 56% of participants endorsing that they considered themselves to be at high or moderate risk and the remaining 44% at low or no risk for lung cancer. Forty percent of participants reported having had a test to check their lungs for cancer. Participants were aware of the health risks associated with smoking but reported limited assistance from providers regarding the receipt of smoking cessation treatments. Awareness of lung cancer screening was limited, but participants expressed openness to screening; however, barriers were anticipated, including costs, fear and a reduced willingness to be screened in the absence of symptoms. Study participants reported limited experiences with lung health promotion activities. Knowledge about the facilitators and barriers can be used to develop health promotion interventions targeting smoking cessation and lung cancer screening.


Keywords

Tobacco use; Lung cancer screening; Black males; Qualitative; Lung health promotion


Cite and Share

Alicia K. Matthews,Suchanart Inwanna,Dami Oyaluade,Alexis Chappel,Jennifer Akufo,Sage J. Kim,Rohan Jeremiah. Exploration of experiences and attitudes associated with lung health promotion among Black males with a history of smoking. Journal of Men's Health. 2024. 20(1);20-34.

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