Article Data

  • Views 783
  • Dowloads 204

Original Research

Open Access

Is one goal enough? Male strikers' views on their post-goal motivation level

  • Selda Kocamaz Adaş1
  • Murathan Buruş2
  • Özlem Orhan3
  • Sezen Çimen Polat3,*,

1Sports Sciences Faculty, Yüksek Ihtisas University, 06530 Ankara, Turkey

2Physical Education and Sports, Bülent Ecevit University, 67100 Zonguldak, Turkey

3Sports Sciences Faculty, Gazi University, 06560 Ankara, Turkey

DOI: 10.22514/jomh.2024.017 Vol.20,Issue 2,February 2024 pp.84-92

Submitted: 18 October 2023 Accepted: 27 November 2023

Published: 29 February 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Sezen Çimen Polat E-mail:


The current study aimed to reveal the opinions influencing the post-goal motivation levels of male strikers who have played in various football clubs in the Turkish Professional Football League. Among the basic qualitative research designs, one of the qualitative research methodologies was employed to conduct this study. The study group consisted of 10 Turkish Professional Football League footballers who were playing professional football for many years. The study data were collected by a semi-structured interview form and analyzed by content analysis. The findings of the data analyzed are described in the discussion and conclusion sections. It is concluded that when the strikers scored the game’s first goal, they used it wisely, conforming to the game strategy, without losing their desire and motivation to score new goals. It is generally believed, that physical, technical and tactical training of the strikers during the annual training schedule improves their mental toughness and effectiveness in maintaining self-motivation. Hence, it would be important for the Turkish Football Federation to engage in a long-term collaboration process with sports psychologists, football coaches and professional club managers to ensure the sustainability of the male strikers’ motivation.


Football; Qualitative research; Football goal; Football match

Cite and Share

Selda Kocamaz Adaş,Murathan Buruş,Özlem Orhan,Sezen Çimen Polat. Is one goal enough? Male strikers' views on their post-goal motivation level. Journal of Men's Health. 2024. 20(2);84-92.


[1] Orhan O, Tekkurşun G, Buruş M, Çetin E. Evaluation of personal traits of professional football players according to their position and training age. Spormetre. 2022; 20: 26–35.

[2] Reilly T, Gilbourne D. Science and football: a review of applied research in the football codes. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2003; 21: 693–705.

[3] Beswick B. Focused for soccer: develop a winning mental approach. 2nd edn. Human Kinetics: Champaign, IL, United States of America. 2001.

[4] Heaney C. Physiotherapists’ perceptions of sport psychology intervention in professional soccer. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 2006; 4: 73–86.

[5] Kristiansen E, Ivarsson A, Solstad BE, Roberts GC. Motivational processes affecting the perception of organizational and media stressors among professional football players: a longitudinal mixed methods research study. Psychology Sport Exercise. 2019; 43: 172–182.

[6] Jordet G. Working with psychology in professional football. 1st edn. Routledge handbook of elite sports performance. Routledge: London, England. 2019.

[7] Keaton SA, Gearhart CC. Identity formation, identity strength, and self-categorization as predictors of affective and psychological outcomes. Communication & Sport. 2014; 2: 363–385.

[8] Acar K, Mor H, Karakaş F, Yilmaz Ak, Arslanoglu C, Mor A. Prosocial and antisocial behaviors in Turkish female and male football players. Journal of Men’s Health. 2021; 18: 27.

[9] Murray RM, Dugdale JH, Habeeb CM, Arthur CA. Transformational parenting and coaching on mental toughness and physical performance in adolescent soccer players: the moderating effect of athlete age. European Journal of Sport Science. 2021; 21: 580–589.

[10] Hamari J, Shernoff DJ, Rowe E, Coller B, Asbell-Clarke J, Edwards T. Challenging games help students learn: an empirical study of engagement, flow, and immersion in game-based learning. Computers in Human Behavior. 2016; 54: 170–179.

[11] Najah A, Rejeb RB. The psychological profile of youth male soccer players in different playing positions. Advances in Physical Education. 2015; 05: 161–169.

[12] Anderson T, Adams WM, Bartley JD, Brutus AL, Donaldson AT, Finnoff JT. Analysis of the sport’s mental health assessment tool 1 (SMHAT-1) in team USA athletes. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2023; 57: 1187–1194.

[13] Gucciardi DF. Mental toughness: progress and prospects. Current Opinion in Psychology. 2017; 16: 17–23.

[14] Lin Y, Mutz J, Clough PJ, Papageorgiou KA. Mental toughness and individual differences in learning, educational and work performance, psychological well-being, and personality: a systematic review. Frontiers in Psychology. 2017; 8: 1345.

[15] Mahoney JW, Gucciardi DF, Ntoumanis N, Mallet CJ. Mental toughness in sport: motivational antecedents and associations with performance and psychological health. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 2014; 36: 281–292.

[16] Reverberi E, D’Angelo C, Littlewood MA, Gozzoli CF. Youth football players’ psychological well-being: the key role of relationships. Frontiers in Psychology. 2020; 11: 567776

[17] Weinberg RS, Gould D. Foundations of sport and exercise psychology. 7th edn. Human Kinetics: United States of America. 2023.

[18] Smith D, Wright CJ. Imagery and sport performance. In A. Lane (Ed.). Topics in applied psychology: sport and exercise psychology. 2nd edn. Hodder Education: London, England, 2008.

[19] Sweeney L, Cumming SP, MacNamara A, Horan D. A tale of two selection biases: the independent effects of relative age and biological maturity on player selection in the football association of Ireland’s national talent pathway. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching. 2023; 18: 1992–2003.

[20] Fletcher D, Arnold R. A Qualitative study of performance leadership and management in elite sport. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. 2011; 23: 223–242.

[21] Punch KF. Quantitative and qualitative approaches. The Sociology of Healthcare: A Reader for Health Professionals (pp. 51–65). 2nd edn. SAGE: United States. 2008.

[22] Marshall C, Rossman GB. Designing qualitative research. 4th edn. Sage publications: California, America. 2006.

[23] Merriam SB. Qualitative research a guide to design and practice. 3rd edn. Nobel Academic Publishing: Ankara. 2015.

[24] Qu SQ, Dumay J. The qualitative research interview. Qualitative Research in Accounting & Management. 2011; 8: 238–264.

[25] Benítez-Sillero JDD, Martínez-Aranda LM, Sanz-Matesanz M, Domínguez-Escribano M. Determining factors of psychological performance and differences among age categories in youth football players. Sustainability. 2021; 13: 7713.

[26] Anthony DR, Gordon S, Gucciardi, DF. A qualitative exploration of mentally tough behavior in Australian football. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2020; 38: 308–319.

[27] De la Vega R, Garcia GM. Psychological evaluation in work applied to football. Revista Digital. 2001; 38: 1–2.

[28] Golby J, Sheard M. Mental toughness and hardiness at different levels of rugby league. Personality and Individual Differences. 2004; 37: 933–942.

[29] Junge A, Prinz B. Depression and anxiety symptoms in 17 teams of female football players including 10 German first league teams. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2019; 53: 471–477.

[30] Birkhäuser S, Kaserer C, Urban D. Did UEFA’s financial fair play harm competition in European football leagues? Review of Managerial Science. 2019; 13: 113–145.

[31] Holt NL, Mitchell T. Talent development in English professional soccer. International Journal of Sport Psychology. 2006; 37: 77–98.

[32] Gledhill A, Harwood C. Developmental experiences of elite female youth soccer players. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 2014; 12: 150–165.

[33] Heckhausen H. Motivation and action. 2nd edn. Heidelberg: Berlin, Germany. 1991.

[34] Nesti M, Sulley C. Youth development in football: lessons from the world’s best academies. 1st edn. Routledge: New York, America. 2015.

[35] Macnamara Á, Collins D. Development and initial validation of the psychological characteristics of developing excellence questionnaire. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2011; 29: 1273–1286.

[36] Jones, MI, Parker JK. Mindfulness mediates the relationship between mental toughness and pain catastrophizing in cyclists. European Journal of Sport Science. 2018; 18: 872–881.

Abstracted / indexed in

Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch) Created as SCI in 1964, Science Citation Index Expanded now indexes over 9,200 of the world’s most impactful journals across 178 scientific disciplines. More than 53 million records and 1.18 billion cited references date back from 1900 to present.

Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition aims to evaluate a journal’s value from multiple perspectives including the journal impact factor, descriptive data about a journal’s open access content as well as contributing authors, and provide readers a transparent and publisher-neutral data & statistics information about the journal.

Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) DOAJ is a unique and extensive index of diverse open access journals from around the world, driven by a growing community, committed to ensuring quality content is freely available online for everyone.

SCImago The SCImago Journal & Country Rank is a publicly available portal that includes the journals and country scientific indicators developed from the information contained in the Scopus® database (Elsevier B.V.)

Publication Forum - JUFO (Federation of Finnish Learned Societies) Publication Forum is a classification of publication channels created by the Finnish scientific community to support the quality assessment of academic research.

Scopus: CiteScore 0.9 (2023) Scopus is Elsevier's abstract and citation database launched in 2004. Scopus covers nearly 36,377 titles (22,794 active titles and 13,583 Inactive titles) from approximately 11,678 publishers, of which 34,346 are peer-reviewed journals in top-level subject fields: life sciences, social sciences, physical sciences and health sciences.

Norwegian Register for Scientific Journals, Series and Publishers Search for publication channels (journals, series and publishers) in the Norwegian Register for Scientific Journals, Series and Publishers to see if they are considered as scientific. (

Submission Turnaround Time