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Evaluation of the efficacy of stem cell therapy in erectile dysfunction after radical prostatectomy: a comprehensive systematic review

  • Saad Thamer Alshahrani1
  • Omar Safar1,*,
  • Nazal A Almsaoud2
  • Adel Elatreisy1,3
  • Ahmed Ibrahim4
  • Sulaiman M Alkhaldi2
  • Abdulhamid M Alkhaldi2
  • Raed Alwadai5
  • Muath Almurayyi6
  • Saeed A Asiri1
  • Abdulaziz M Alqahtani1
  • Abdullah Saleh Alshafi1
  • Saleh Alghamdi1
  • Ahmed Al-Hadi1
  • Basel Hakami7,8
  • Meshari A. Alzahrani9

1Urology Department, Armed Forces Hospital Southern Region, 62413 Khamis Mushayt, Saudi Arabia

2Urology Department, Prince Mutaib Bin Abdulaziz Hospital, 72341 Sakakah, Saudi Arabia

3Urology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Al-Azher University, 11754 Cairo, Egypt

4Urology Department, University of Montreal, 6128 Montreal, QC, Canada

5Urology Department, King Abdullah Hospital, 67714 Bishah, Saudi Arabia

6Urology Department, King Khaled University Medical City-Abha, 62523 Abha, Saudi Arabia

7Urology Department, King Faisal Medical City for Southern Region KFM City, 62527 Abha, Saudi Arabia

8Urology Department, King Fahad Central Hospital, 82666 Jazan, Saudi Arabia

9Urology Department, College of Medicine, Majmaah University, 11952 Al-Majmaah, Saudi Arabia

DOI: 10.22514/jomh.2024.035 Vol.20,Issue 3,March 2024 pp.25-31

Submitted: 03 November 2023 Accepted: 12 December 2023

Published: 30 March 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Omar Safar E-mail: om.alshahrani92@afhsr.med.sa

Abstract

Around 68% patients undergoing radical prostatectomy face postoperative erectile dysfunction. This systematic review aims to investigate the studies pertaining to efficacy of stem cell therapy in alleviating erectile dysfunction (ED) of radical prostatectomy (RP) patients. Furthermore, it provides evidence-based potential benefits of stem cell therapy in addressing erectile dysfunction of those patients. A systematic literature search from PubMed, Google Scholar, Science Direct and clinicaltrial.gov databases was conducted for the clinical trials evaluating efficacy and safety of stem cell therapy in post-prostatectomy erectile dysfunction. The inclusion criteria pertained to the studies reporting pre- and post-outcome erectile function and safety results. Cochrane Robins I was employed for the quality and bias risk. Four studies were finally included. The studies were of high quality as revealed from the quality assessment results. They were the non-randomized human-based clinical trials. Patients follow-up ranged from 3 to 12 months. Intercourse satisfaction scores were improved after 6 and 12 months of stem cell therapy. No serious adversities were reported during and after the study period. It was thus a safe therapeutic option as per these results. This study evaluated the role of stem cell therapy in post-RP ED. The included studies depicted its efficacy and safety. The information on stem cell therapy for ED was limited, however it could provide foundation for future research. Large-scale human studies with robust research designs would bring more objectivity and conclusive evidence.


Keywords

Post-prostatectomy; Erectile dysfunction; Stem-cell therapy


Cite and Share

Saad Thamer Alshahrani,Omar Safar,Nazal A Almsaoud,Adel Elatreisy,Ahmed Ibrahim,Sulaiman M Alkhaldi,Abdulhamid M Alkhaldi,Raed Alwadai,Muath Almurayyi,Saeed A Asiri,Abdulaziz M Alqahtani,Abdullah Saleh Alshafi,Saleh Alghamdi,Ahmed Al-Hadi,Basel Hakami,Meshari A. Alzahrani. Evaluation of the efficacy of stem cell therapy in erectile dysfunction after radical prostatectomy: a comprehensive systematic review. Journal of Men's Health. 2024. 20(3);25-31.

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