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Effects of different rest intervals in high intensity interval training programs on VO2max, body composition, and isokinetic strength and power

  • Recep Fatih Kayhan1
  • Serdar Bayrakdaroğlu2
  • Halil İbrahim Ceylan3,*,
  • Özgür Eken4
  • Yeşim Bayrakdaroğlu5
  • Georgian Badicu6,*,
  • Sameer Badri Al-Mhanna7,8
  • Razvan-Sandu Enoiu9
  • Luca Paolo Ardigò10

1Department of Coaching Education, Movement and Training Sciences, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Marmara University, 34815 Istanbul, Turkey

2Department of Coaching Education, Movement and Training Sciences, School of Education and Sport, Gumushane University, 29000 Gumushane, Turkey

3Department of Physical Education of Sports Teaching, Faculty of Kazim Karabekir Education, Atatürk University, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey

4Department of Physical Education and Sport Teaching, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Inonu University, 44000 Malatya, Turkey

5Department of Sport Management, School of Physical Education and Sports, Gumushane University, 29000 Gumushane, Turkey

6Department of Physical Education and Special Motricity, Transilvania University of Brasov, 500068 Brasov, Romania

7Department of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences, University Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kota Bharu, Malaysia

8Center for Global Health Research, Saveetha Medical College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, 602105 Chennai, India

9Department of Motor Performance, Transilvania University of Brasov, 500068 Brasov, Romania

10Department of Teacher Education, NLA University College, 0166 Oslo, Norway

DOI: 10.22514/jomh.2024.064 Vol.20,Issue 5,May 2024 pp.1-11

Submitted: 06 November 2023 Accepted: 12 December 2023

Published: 30 May 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Halil İbrahim Ceylan E-mail:
*Corresponding Author(s): Georgian Badicu E-mail:


The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 8 weeks of short and long rest running-based high-intensity training (HIIT) on body composition, isokinetic strength, and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max). Nineteen physically active men were recruited to voluntarily participate in the study. The participants were grouped using the closed-envelope randomized method as HIIT with a short rest (HIITS, n = 9; age: 19.60 ± 1.34 years) and HIIT with a long rest (HIITL, n = 10; age: 19.77 ± 0.97). Pre and post the 8-week running-based HIIT program, body mass index and body fat % were measured and all subjects performed isokinetic strength tests to determine their hamstring (H)/quadriceps (Q) peak torque ratio and the peak power and peak work for their H and Q muscles. The participants also underwent a graded exercise test to determine their VO2max. Statistical analysis performed with One-Way Variance Analysis and Bonferroni correction post hoc tests. As a result of the study, there were no significant differences between the pre- and post-training isokinetic strength parameters for the H and Q of HIITL and HIITS at velocities of 60 and 240◦s−1. The VO2max did not change for HIITS training but the VO2max increased (p < 0.05) for HIITL training. In conclusion, that HIITL and HIITS programs for 8 weeks did not change the relative and absolute strength, force production and the VO2max, but the VO2max increased (p < 0.05) for HIITL training.


Peak torque; Peak power; Peak work; VO2max; H/Q ratio

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Recep Fatih Kayhan,Serdar Bayrakdaroğlu,Halil İbrahim Ceylan,Özgür Eken,Yeşim Bayrakdaroğlu,Georgian Badicu,Sameer Badri Al-Mhanna,Razvan-Sandu Enoiu,Luca Paolo Ardigò. Effects of different rest intervals in high intensity interval training programs on VO2max, body composition, and isokinetic strength and power. Journal of Men's Health. 2024. 20(5);1-11.


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