Article Data

  • Views 629
  • Dowloads 165

Original Research

Open Access

Effects of different rest intervals in high intensity interval training programs on VO2max, body composition, and isokinetic strength and power

  • Recep Fatih Kayhan1
  • Serdar Bayrakdaroğlu2
  • Halil İbrahim Ceylan3,*,
  • Özgür Eken4
  • Yeşim Bayrakdaroğlu5
  • Georgian Badicu6,*,
  • Sameer Badri Al-Mhanna7,8
  • Razvan-Sandu Enoiu9
  • Luca Paolo Ardigò10

1Department of Coaching Education, Movement and Training Sciences, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Marmara University, 34815 Istanbul, Turkey

2Department of Coaching Education, Movement and Training Sciences, School of Education and Sport, Gumushane University, 29000 Gumushane, Turkey

3Department of Physical Education of Sports Teaching, Faculty of Kazim Karabekir Education, Atatürk University, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey

4Department of Physical Education and Sport Teaching, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Inonu University, 44000 Malatya, Turkey

5Department of Sport Management, School of Physical Education and Sports, Gumushane University, 29000 Gumushane, Turkey

6Department of Physical Education and Special Motricity, Transilvania University of Brasov, 500068 Brasov, Romania

7Department of Physiology, School of Medical Sciences, University Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kota Bharu, Malaysia

8Center for Global Health Research, Saveetha Medical College and Hospitals, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, 602105 Chennai, India

9Department of Motor Performance, Transilvania University of Brasov, 500068 Brasov, Romania

10Department of Teacher Education, NLA University College, 0166 Oslo, Norway

DOI: 10.22514/jomh.2024.064 Vol.20,Issue 5,May 2024 pp.1-11

Submitted: 06 November 2023 Accepted: 12 December 2023

Published: 30 May 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Halil İbrahim Ceylan E-mail: halil.ceylan@atauni.edu.tr
*Corresponding Author(s): Georgian Badicu E-mail: georgian.badicu@unitbv.ro

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of 8 weeks of short and long rest running-based high-intensity training (HIIT) on body composition, isokinetic strength, and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max). Nineteen physically active men were recruited to voluntarily participate in the study. The participants were grouped using the closed-envelope randomized method as HIIT with a short rest (HIITS, n = 9; age: 19.60 ± 1.34 years) and HIIT with a long rest (HIITL, n = 10; age: 19.77 ± 0.97). Pre and post the 8-week running-based HIIT program, body mass index and body fat % were measured and all subjects performed isokinetic strength tests to determine their hamstring (H)/quadriceps (Q) peak torque ratio and the peak power and peak work for their H and Q muscles. The participants also underwent a graded exercise test to determine their VO2max. Statistical analysis performed with One-Way Variance Analysis and Bonferroni correction post hoc tests. As a result of the study, there were no significant differences between the pre- and post-training isokinetic strength parameters for the H and Q of HIITL and HIITS at velocities of 60 and 240◦s−1. The VO2max did not change for HIITS training but the VO2max increased (p < 0.05) for HIITL training. In conclusion, that HIITL and HIITS programs for 8 weeks did not change the relative and absolute strength, force production and the VO2max, but the VO2max increased (p < 0.05) for HIITL training.


Keywords

Peak torque; Peak power; Peak work; VO2max; H/Q ratio


Cite and Share

Recep Fatih Kayhan,Serdar Bayrakdaroğlu,Halil İbrahim Ceylan,Özgür Eken,Yeşim Bayrakdaroğlu,Georgian Badicu,Sameer Badri Al-Mhanna,Razvan-Sandu Enoiu,Luca Paolo Ardigò. Effects of different rest intervals in high intensity interval training programs on VO2max, body composition, and isokinetic strength and power. Journal of Men's Health. 2024. 20(5);1-11.

References

[1] Gibala MJ, Little JP, MacDonald MJ, Hawley JA. Physiological adaptations to low-volume, high-intensity interval training in health and disease. The Journal of Physiology. 2012; 590: 1077–1084.

[2] Franchini E, Cormack S, Takito MY. Effects of high-intensity interval training on Olympic combat sports athletes’ performance and physiological adaptation: a systematic review. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2019; 33: 242–252.

[3] Milanović Z, Sporiš G, Weston M. Effectiveness of high-intensity interval training (HIT) and continuous endurance training for VO2max improvements: a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled trials. Sports Medicine. 2015; 45: 1469–1481.

[4] Schoenfeld B, Dawes J. High-intensity interval training: applications for general fitness training. Strength & Conditioning Journal. 2009; 31: 44–46.

[5] Naimo MA, De Souza EO, Wilson JM, Carpenter AL, Gilchrist P, Lowery RP, et al. High-intensity interval training has positive effects on performance in ice hockey players. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 2015; 36: 61–66.

[6] Kong Z, Fan X, Sun S, Song L, Shi Q, Nie J. Comparison of high-intensity interval training and moderate-to-vigorous continuous training for cardiometabolic health and exercise enjoyment in obese young women: a randomized controlled trial. PLOS ONE. 2016; 11: e0158589.

[7] Armas C, Kowalsky R, Hearon C. Comparison of acute cardiometabolic responses in a 7-minute body weight circuit to a 7-minute HIIT cycle protocol. International Journal of Exercise Science. 2020; 13: 395–409.

[8] Jakovljevic B, Nikolic Turnic T, Jeremic N, Jeremic J, Bradic J, Ravic M, et al. The impact of aerobic and anaerobic training regimes on blood pressure in normotensive and hypertensive rats: focus on redox changes. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry. 2019; 454: 111–121.

[9] Holloway K, Roche D, Angell P. Evaluating the progressive cardiovascular health benefits of short-term high-intensity interval training. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2018; 118: 2259–2268.

[10] Klonizakis M, Moss J, Gilbert S, Broom D, Foster J, Tew GA. Low-volume high-intensity interval training rapidly improves cardiopulmonary function in postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2014; 21: 1099–1105.

[11] Martinez-Valdes E, Falla D, Negro F, Mayer F, Farina D. Differential motor unit changes after endurance or high-intensity interval training. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2017; 49: 1126–1136.

[12] Yan S, Kim Y, Choi Y. Aerobic and anaerobic fitness according to high-intensity interval training frequency in youth soccer players in the last stage of rehabilitation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19: 15573.

[13] Pritchard HJ, Barnes MJ, Stewart RJC, Keogh JWL, McGuigan MR. Short-term training cessation as a method of tapering to improve maximal strength. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2018; 32: 458–465.

[14] Andreato LV. High-intensity interval training: methodological considerations for interpreting results and conducting research. Trends in Endocrinology & Metabolism. 2020; 31: 812–817.

[15] Rosenblat MA, Perrotta AS, Thomas SG. Effect of high-intensity interval training versus sprint interval training on time-trial performance: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Medicine. 2020; 50: 1145–1161.

[16] Shetty AB. Estimation of leg power: a two-variable model. Sports Biomechanics. 2002; 1: 147–155.

[17] Parmar A, Jones TW, Hayes RP. The dose-response relationship between interval-training and VO2max in well-trained endurance runners: a systematic review. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2021; 39: 1410–1427.

[18] Stepto NK, Martin DT, Fallon KE, Hawley JA. Metabolic demands of intense aerobic interval training in competitive cyclists. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2001; 33: 303–310.

[19] Yunus M, Raharjo S. The effect of circuit and interval training on maximum oxygen volume (VO2max) in professional futsal athletes. Kinestetik: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Jasmani. 2022; 6: 128–133.

[20] Buchheit M, Laursen PB. High-intensity interval training, solutions to the programming puzzle. Sports Medicine. 2013; 43: 313–338.

[21] Batacan RB, Duncan MJ, Dalbo VJ, Tucker PS, Fenning AS. Effects of high-intensity interval training on cardiometabolic health: a systematic review and meta-analysis of intervention studies. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2017; 51: 494–503.

[22] Weston M, Taylor KL, Batterham AM, Hopkins WG. Effects of low-volume high-intensity interval training (HIT) on fitness in adults: a meta-analysis of controlled and non-controlled trials. Sports Medicine. 2014; 44: 1005–1017.

[23] Luo H, Li BL. Research progress on allometric models. Chinese Journal of Ecology. 2011; 30: 2060–2065.

[24] Eather N, Riley N, Miller A, Smith V, Poole A, Vincze L, et al. Efficacy and feasibility of HIIT training for university students: the Uni-HIIT RCT. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2019; 22: 596–601.

[25] Buckley S, Knapp K, Lackie A, Lewry C, Horvey K, Benko C, et al. Multimodal high-intensity interval training increases muscle function and metabolic performance in females. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. 2015; 40: 1157–1162.

[26] Linnamo V, Bottas R, Komi PV. Force and EMG power spectrum during and after eccentric and concentric fatigue. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology. 2000; 10: 293–300.

[27] Margaritelis NV, Theodorou AA, Chatzinikolaou PN, Kyparos A, Nikolaidis MG, Paschalis V. Eccentric exercise per se does not affect muscle damage biomarkers: early and late phase adaptations. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2021; 121: 549–559.

[28] Paschalis V, Nikolaidis MG, Theodorou AA, Panayiotou G, Fatouros IG, Koutedakis Y, et al. A weekly bout of eccentric exercise is sufficient to induce health-promoting effects. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2011; 43: 64–73.

[29] Theodorou AA, Panayiotou G, Paschalis V, Nikolaidis MG, Kyparos A, Mademli L, et al. Stair descending exercise increases muscle strength in elderly males with chronic heart failure. BMC Research Notes. 2013; 6: 87.

[30] De Ste Croix MBA, Deighan MA, Armstrong N. Assessment and interpretation of isokinetic muscle strength during growth and maturation. Sports Medicine. 2003; 33: 727–743.

[31] Laursen PB, Jenkins DG. The scientific basis for high-intensity interval training. Sports Medicine. 2002; 32: 53–73.

[32] Laursen PB, Shing CM, Peake JM, Coombes JS, Jenkins DG. Interval training program optimization in highly trained endurance cyclists. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2002; 34: 1801–1807.

[33] Ahtiainen JP, Pakarinen A, Alen M, Kraemer WJ, Häkkinen K. Short vs. long rest period between the sets in hypertrophic resistance training: influence on muscle strength, size, and hormonal adaptations in trained men. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2005; 19: 572–582.

[34] Gibala MJ. Physiological basis of interval training for performance enhancement. Experimental Physiology. 2021; 106: 2324–2327.

[35] Panissa VLG, Julio UF, Silva CMPE, Andreato LV, Hardt F, Franchini E. Effects of interval time between high-intensity intermittent aerobic exercise on strength performance: analysis in individuals with different training background. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise. 2012; 7: 815–825.

[36] Rønnestad BR, Hansen J, Nygaard H, Lundby C. Superior performance improvements in elite cyclists following short-interval vs. effort-matched long-interval training. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2020; 30: 849–857.

[37] Torgerson DJ, Roberts C. Understanding controlled trials: randomisation methods: concealment. The BMJ. 1999; 319: 375–376.

[38] Bompa TO, Buzzichelli C. Periodization: theory and methodology of training. 6th edn. Human Kinetics: United States. 2019.

[39] Støa EM, Helgerud J, Rønnestad BR, Hansen J, Ellefsen S, Støren Ø. Factors influencing running velocity at lactate threshold in male and female runners at different levels of performance. Frontiers in Physiology. 2020; 11: 585267.

[40] Jarraya M, Jarraya S, Chtourou H, Souissi N, Chamari K. The effect of partial sleep deprivation on the reaction time and the attentional capacities of the handball goalkeeper. Biological Rhythm Research. 2013; 44: 503–510.

[41] WHO. Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic: report of a WHO consultation. (1998: WHO/NUT/NCD/98.1). Geneva; 3–5 June 1997.

[42] Bruce RA. Multi-stage treadmill test of submaximal and maximal exercise. Exercise Testing and Training of Apparently Healthy Individuals: A Handbook for Physicians (pp. 32–34). 1st edn. American Heart Association: New York. 1972.

[43] Sheykhlouvand M, Gharaat M, Khalili E, Agha-Alinejad H. The effect of high-intensity interval training on ventilatory threshold and aerobic power in well-trained canoe polo athletes. Science & Sports. 2016; 31: 283–289.

[44] Brockett C, Morgan DL, Proske U. Using isokinetic dynamometry to indicate damage from eccentric exercise in human hamstring muscles. Fifth 10C World Congress on Sport Science. Sydney, NSW. 31 Oct-5 Nov 1999. 1999.

[45] Kraemer WJ, Ratamess NA. Fundamentals of resistance training: progression and exercise prescription. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2004; 36: 674–688.

[46] Faul F, Erdfelder E, Lang A, Buchner A. G*Power 3: a flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods. 2007; 39: 175–191.

[47] Johansson C, Lorentzon R, Rasmuson S, Reiz S, Haggmark S, Nyman H, et al. Peak torque and OBLA running capacity in male orienteers. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica. 1988; 132: 525–530.

[48] Sporer BC, Wenger HA. Effects of aerobic exercise on strength performance following various periods of recovery. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2003; 17: 638–644.

[49] Markov A, Chaabene H, Hauser L, Behm S, Bloch W, Puta C, et al. Acute effects of aerobic exercise on muscle strength and power in trained male individuals: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Sports Medicine. 2022; 52: 1385–1398.

[50] Eddens L, van Someren K, Howatson G. The role of intra-session exercise sequence in the interference effect: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Sports Medicine. 2018; 48: 177–188.

[51] Coffey VG, Hawley JA. Concurrent exercise training: do opposites distract? The Journal of Physiology. 2017; 595: 2883–2896.

[52] Hughes DC, Ellefsen S, Baar K. Adaptations to endurance and strength training. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine. 2018; 8: a029769.

[53] Denadai BS, Corvino RB, Greco CC. Effect of a previous high intensity running exercise on isokinetic muscular strength in individuals with different training backgrounds. Isokinetics and Exercise Science. 2010; 18: 15–21.

[54] Hill-Haas S, Bishop D, Dawson B, Goodman C, Edge J. Effects of rest interval during high-repetition resistance training on strength, aerobic fitness, and repeated-sprint ability. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2007; 25: 619–628.

[55] Denadai BS, Greco CC, Tufik S, de Mello MT. Effects of high intensity running to fatigue on isokinetic muscular strength in endurance athletes. Isokinetics and Exercise Science. 2007; 15: 281–285.

[56] Jones TW, Howatson G, Russell M, French DN. Performance and neuromuscular adaptations following differing ratios of concurrent strength and endurance training. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2013; 27: 3342–3351.

[57] Arboleda-Serna VH, Feito Y, Patiño-Villada FA, Vargas-Romero AV, Arango-Vélez EF. Effects of high-intensity interval training compared to moderate-intensity continuous training on maximal oxygen consumption and blood pressure in healthy men: a randomized controlled trial. Biomedica. 2019; 39: 524–536.

[58] Li J, Li Y, Atakan MM, Kuang J, Hu Y, Bishop DJ, et al. The molecular adaptive responses of skeletal muscle to high-intensity exercise/training and hypoxia. Antioxidants. 2020; 9: 656.

[59] Sun S, Zhang H, Kong Z, Shi Q, Tong TK, Nie J. Twelve weeks of low volume sprint interval training improves cardio-metabolic health outcomes in overweight females. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2019; 37: 1257–1264.

[60] Banitalebi E, Kazemi A, Faramarzi M, Nasiri S, Haghighi MM. Effects of sprint interval or combined aerobic and resistance training on myokines in overweight women with type 2 diabetes: a randomized controlled trial. Life Sciences. 2019; 217: 101–109.

[61] Mandrup CM, Egelund J, Nyberg M, Enevoldsen LH, Kjær A, Clemmensen AE, et al. Effects of menopause and high-intensity training on insulin sensitivity and muscle metabolism. Menopause. 2018; 25: 165–175.

[62] Mandrup CM, Egelund J, Nyberg M, Lundberg Slingsby MH, Andersen CB, Løgstrup S, et al. Effects of high-intensity training on cardiovascular risk factors in premenopausal and postmenopausal women. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2017; 216: 384.e1–384.e11.

[63] Wewege M, van den Berg R, Ward RE, Keech A. The effects of high‐intensity interval training vs. moderate-intensity continuous training on body composition in overweight and obese adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity Reviews. 2017; 18: 635–646.

[64] Keating SE, Johnson NA, Mielke GI, Coombes JS. A systematic review and meta‐analysis of interval training versus moderate‐intensity continuous training on body adiposity. Obesity Reviews. 2017; 18: 943–964.

[65] Sultana RN, Sabag A, Keating SE, Johnson NA. The effect of low-volume high-intensity interval training on body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Medicine. 2019; 49: 1687–1721.


Abstracted / indexed in

Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch) Created as SCI in 1964, Science Citation Index Expanded now indexes over 9,200 of the world’s most impactful journals across 178 scientific disciplines. More than 53 million records and 1.18 billion cited references date back from 1900 to present.

Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition aims to evaluate a journal’s value from multiple perspectives including the journal impact factor, descriptive data about a journal’s open access content as well as contributing authors, and provide readers a transparent and publisher-neutral data & statistics information about the journal.

Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) DOAJ is a unique and extensive index of diverse open access journals from around the world, driven by a growing community, committed to ensuring quality content is freely available online for everyone.

SCImago The SCImago Journal & Country Rank is a publicly available portal that includes the journals and country scientific indicators developed from the information contained in the Scopus® database (Elsevier B.V.)

Publication Forum - JUFO (Federation of Finnish Learned Societies) Publication Forum is a classification of publication channels created by the Finnish scientific community to support the quality assessment of academic research.

Scopus: CiteScore 0.9 (2023) Scopus is Elsevier's abstract and citation database launched in 2004. Scopus covers nearly 36,377 titles (22,794 active titles and 13,583 Inactive titles) from approximately 11,678 publishers, of which 34,346 are peer-reviewed journals in top-level subject fields: life sciences, social sciences, physical sciences and health sciences.

Norwegian Register for Scientific Journals, Series and Publishers Search for publication channels (journals, series and publishers) in the Norwegian Register for Scientific Journals, Series and Publishers to see if they are considered as scientific. (https://kanalregister.hkdir.no/publiseringskanaler/Forside).

Submission Turnaround Time

Conferences

Top