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Original Research

Open Access

Cross-cultural validation of the Korean male version of athletes sleep behavior questionnaire

  • YoungMoon Kwon1
  • JeongAe You2,*,

1Department of Physical Education, College of Education, Inha University, 22212 Incheon, Republic of Korea

2Department of Physical Education, College of Education, Chung-Ang University, 06974 Seoul, Republic of Korea

DOI: 10.22514/jomh.2024.067 Vol.20,Issue 5,May 2024 pp.30-34

Submitted: 17 December 2023 Accepted: 05 January 2024

Published: 30 May 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): JeongAe You E-mail:


In male athletes, sleep plays an important role in recovery and the improvement of physical abilities through high-intensity training. Unfortunately, no appropriate questionnaire is currently available to assess sleep problems in male Korean athletes. Therefore, this study translated and cross-culturally validated the Athlete Sleep Behavior Questionnaire (ASBQ) for male Korean athletes. This study employed a conceptual review, comprising translation preparation, review, and preliminary investigation, and a statistical review, comprising the test-retest method, test-retest reliability, and internal consistency analysis. Content equivalence between the original ASBQ text and the Korean version was secured, and test-retest reliability and internal consistency were acceptable. Acceptable levels of comprehension were observed for the translated questions. The dependent t-test analysis showed no significant differences between any of the questions. A verification of the stability of the Korean male version of the ASBQ using the test-retest method at 2-week intervals showed an acceptable level of reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.78, r = 0.77, typical measurement error = 2.5, coefficient of variation = 7.6%). Lastly, the internal consistency reliability test revealed a Cronbach’s α of 0.87 at the 95% confidence level. The Korean male version of the ASBQ showed content equivalence and reliability with the original version. It can be used as a tool to analyze the sleeping behavior of Korean male athletes and provide customized training schedules.


Male athletes; Sleep behavior; Cross-culture; Athletic training

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YoungMoon Kwon,JeongAe You. Cross-cultural validation of the Korean male version of athletes sleep behavior questionnaire. Journal of Men's Health. 2024. 20(5);30-34.


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