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Original Research

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The difference in work stress and physical and mental health between young adult male field and office workers

  • Gwon-Min Kim1,†
  • Jae-Il Lee2,3,4,†
  • Jong-Hwan Park4
  • Yeo-Kyung Shin4
  • Bokun Kim5
  • Dong-Yeop Kim6
  • Byung-Hyoo Hyun6
  • Hyung-su Cho6
  • Hyuk Jin Choi3,4,*,

1Medical Research Institute, Pusan National University School of Medicine, 50612 Yangsan, Republic of Korea

2Department of Neurosurgery, Pusan National University School of Medicine, 50612 Yangsan, Republic of Korea

3Department of Neurosurgery, Pusan National University Hospital, 49241 Busan, Republic of Korea

4Health Convergence Medicine Laboratory, Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, 49241 Busan, Republic of Korea

5Future Convergence Research Institute, Changwon National University, 51140 Changwon, Republic of Korea

6Environmental Management Team, Hadong Thermal Power Site Division, Korea Southern Power CO., 52353 Gyeongnam, Republic of Korea

DOI: 10.22514/jomh.2024.069 Vol.20,Issue 5,May 2024 pp.42-47

Submitted: 09 November 2023 Accepted: 26 December 2023

Published: 30 May 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Hyuk Jin Choi E-mail:

† These authors contributed equally.


This study investigated the differences in physical and mental health and work stress between field and office workers. Although considerable research has examined the effects of work on physical and mental health individually, there remains a lack of clarity regarding potential disparities among different work types. A total of 83 participants comprising field (n = 42) and office workers (n = 41) were enrolled. We performed measurements based on work stress and physical and mental health. Specifically, we evaluated grip strength, gait speed, and the scores in the 30-s sit-to-stand test, timed up-and-go test, International Physical Activity Questionnaire, Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale, and World Health Organization Quality of Life assessment. This study identified that male field and office workers differed in muscle strength. Between the groups, significant differences were observed in grip strength (44.20 ± 6.12 and 39.63 ± 7.93; p = 0.015) and 30-s sit-to-stand test scores (20.37 ± 4.82 and 17.83± 4.17; p = 0.043). Among male participants, a significant association was observed between grip strength (robust model, β = 4.386, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.705–8.067; adjusted model, β = 4.790, 95% CI: 1.134–8.446) and 30-s sit-to-stand test scores (robust model, β = 2.545, 95% CI: 0.086–5.005; adjusted model, β = 2.102, 95% CI: –0.378–4.581). In conclusion, muscle strength differed significantly according to the type of work performed by male individuals. Therefore, there is a need to develop and intervene in exercise programs for office workers.


Field workers; Mental health; Office workers; Physical health; Work stress

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Gwon-Min Kim,Jae-Il Lee,Jong-Hwan Park,Yeo-Kyung Shin,Bokun Kim,Dong-Yeop Kim,Byung-Hyoo Hyun,Hyung-su Cho,Hyuk Jin Choi. The difference in work stress and physical and mental health between young adult male field and office workers. Journal of Men's Health. 2024. 20(5);42-47.


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