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Rapid Report

Open Access Special Issue

Traumatic brain injury and justice-involved men in Canada: strategies and implications

  • Matthew S. Johnston1
  • Rosemary Ricciardelli1,*,

1Fisheries and Marine Institute, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, NL A1C 5R3, Canada

DOI: 10.22514/jomh.2024.102 Vol.20,Issue 6,June 2024 pp.136-141

Submitted: 05 January 2024 Accepted: 22 February 2024

Published: 30 June 2024

*Corresponding Author(s): Rosemary Ricciardelli E-mail:;


Recent longitudinal evidence reveals how sustaining a traumatic brain injury (TBI) increases risk for criminal justice involvement, including incarceration for serious or chronic offending (i.e., violent crime). In 2016, researchers from Correctional Service Canada (CSC) found between 01 July 1997 and 31 March 2011, the incidence of incarceration was higher among federally sentenced incarcerated people with prior TBI; in their sample, both men and women with TBI were approximately 2.5 times more likely to be incarcerated than men and women without TBI. More research is needed to understand how TBI may be related to neurodiversity and shape pathways to criminal justice system involvement, particularly among men who do not identify as White; for example, in 2020/2021, Indigenous men made up 32% of male admissions to federal custody in Canada. Engaging 11 reports produced by CSC which examine rates of TBI and other related factors among incarcerated people, as well as select international literature on TBI and the criminal justice system, our rapid report seeks to explicate the potential relationship between TBI, neurodiversity, and men as evidenced among federally incarcerated men in Canada. Policy, training, education, future areas of inquiry and practical implications for correctional services are discussed.


Traumatic brain injury; Neurodiversity; Incarcerated people; Correctional Service Canada; Mental health

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Matthew S. Johnston,Rosemary Ricciardelli. Traumatic brain injury and justice-involved men in Canada: strategies and implications. Journal of Men's Health. 2024. 20(6);136-141.


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