Article Data

  • Views 587
  • Dowloads 137

Original Research

Open Access Special Issue

Conversation analysis: psychotherapist interventions in different gender university students with depressive conditions and suicidal ideation

  • Lautaro Barriga1,2,*,
  • Marco Villalta3
  • Camila Navarrete1
  • Diego Benavides1

1Escuela de Psicología, Universidad Bernardo O’Higgins, 8320000 Santiago, Chile

2Escuela de Psicología, Universidad Gabriela Mistral, 8320000 Santiago, Chile

3Escuela de Psicología, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, 8320000 Santiago, Chile

DOI: 10.31083/j.jomh1802049 Vol.18,Issue 2,February 2022 pp.1-6

Submitted: 31 August 2021 Accepted: 25 October 2021

Published: 28 February 2022

(This article belongs to the Special Issue Do men and women differ when it comes to suicidal behavior?)

*Corresponding Author(s): Lautaro Barriga E-mail:


Background: Research shows that university students have increased prevalence of depressive disorders with suicidal ideation. The aim of the study is to analyze the psychotherapist’s interventions in university students with a diagnosis of mild depression and suicidal ideation attended in a psychological center of an accredited university. Methods: Descriptive study of multiple cases and mixed method. The sessions were divided into three time segments to recognize the interventions used by the psychotherapist in the four therapeutic dyads. Results: Although the students share the same diagnosis, the psychotherapist’s interventions are different according to the gender and experience of the psychotherapist. The greater the experience, the more binding and chain interventions are used, while the psy-chotherapist in training uses expansion, change and explanatory interventions. Conclusions: Interventions are distributed differently throughout the sessions, are engaged according to the years of experience of the psychotherapist and the gender of the student. The diagnosis of depression does not affect the type of intervention used.


Psychotherapeutic interventions; University students; Suicidal ideation; Gender differences

Cite and Share

Lautaro Barriga,Marco Villalta,Camila Navarrete,Diego Benavides. Conversation analysis: psychotherapist interventions in different gender university students with depressive conditions and suicidal ideation. Journal of Men's Health. 2022. 18(2);1-6.


[1] Cova F, Alvial W, Aro M, Bonifetti A, Hernández M, Rodríguez C. Mental health problems in students of the university of Con-cepción. Terapia psicológica. 2007; 25: 105–112.

[2] Barrera-Herrera A, Vinet E. Emerging adulthood and cultural characteristics of the stage in Chilean university students. Ter-apia psicológica. 2017; 35: 47–56.

[3] Czermik E, Giménez S, Mora M, Almirón L. Sociodemographic variables symptoms of depression on medical university stu-dents from Corrientes, Argentina. Revista Argentina de Clínica Neuropsiquiatría. 2006; 13: 64–73.

[4] Micin S, Bagladi V. Mental health in university students: inci-dence of psychopathology and background of suicidal behavior in population that go to a student health servicio. Terapia Psi-cológica. 2011; 29: 53–64.

[5] Cuenca E, Almirón L, Czernik G, Marder G. Evaluation of de-pression traits in veterinary students from the city of Corrientes. Revista Alcmeón. 2005; 12: 179–184.

[6] Taliaferro LA, Rienzo BA, Pigg RM, Miller MD, Dodd VJ. Spir-itual well-being and Suicidal Ideation among College Students. Journal of American College Health. 2009; 58: 83–90.

[7] Macías I, Camargo Y. Factors associated with suicidal ideation in university students. Psychol Av Discip. 2015; 9: 71–81.

[8] Dutra E. Suicide of university students: or existential void of Young people in contemporary times. Estudio de Pesquisa Psi-cológica. 2012; 12: 924–937.

[9] Armas-Elguera F, Talavera J, Cárdenas M, De la Cruz-Vargas J. Sleep disorders and anxiety in first and last year medical students in Lima, Perú. Revista de la Fundación Educación Médica. 2021; 24: 133–138.

[10] Ovalle J. Feasibility study of a classification model of university students according to the critical state of stress, anxiety and de-pressive symptoms. Memory to qualify for the title of Industrial Civil Engineering. 2020.

[11] Barrera-Herrera A, San Martín Y. Prevalence of mental health symptoms in a sample of Chilean university students. Psykhe. 2021; 30: 1–16.

[12] Vicente B, Saldivia S, Pihán R. Prevalences and gaps today: mental health tomorrow. Acta bioethica. 2016; 22: 51–61.

[13] Ministerio de Salud de Chile. Suicide Prevention Guide. 2013.

[14] Florenzano R. Mental health and personality characteristics of university students in Chile. Revista Calidad de la Educación. 2006; 23: 103–114.

[15] Angona P, Ruiz I, Sánchez F. Evidence and Competition in Psychotherapies. Revista de la Asociación Española de Neurop-siquiatría. 2013; 33: 301–322.

[16] Villalta M. Conversation Analysis. A proposal for the study of didactic interaction in the classroom. Revista de Estudios pedagógicos. 2009; 35: 221–238.

[17] Jiménez A. The efficacy of the word On interpretation and sub-jective change processes in psychotherapy. Thesis to qualify for the professional title of Psychologist. 2012.

[18] Barriga L, Villalta M. Conversation analysis: Psychotherapy of depressed adolescents with suicide attempt in a hospital context. Terapia Psicológica. 2019; 37: 39–51.

[19] Pomerantz A, Fehr B. Conversation analysis: study approach to social action as meaning production practices (pp. 101–139). In T. v. Dijk (ed.) Speech as social interaction. Gedisa: Barcelona. 2005.

[20] Kerbrat-Orecchioni C. Les interactions verbales. Approche in-teractionnelle et structure des conversations. Tome I. Troisiéme Èdition. Armand Colin: Paris. 1998.

[21] Fernández-González O, Herrera-Salinas P, Escobar-Martínez M. Adolescents in Psychotherapy: Their representation of the therapeutic relationship. Revista Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, Niñez y Juventud. 2016; 14: 559–575.

[22] Diamond G, Siqueland L, Diamond GM. Attachment-based family therapy for depressed adolescents: programmatic treat-ment development. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Re-view. 2003; 6: 107–127.

[23] Cerda J, Villarroel del L. Evaluation of inter-observer agreement in research pediatric. Revista Chilena de Pediatría 2008; 79: 54–58.

[24] Valencia A, Arias B, Rodríguez M. Intention to use e-learning in the Technological Administration program from the perspec-tive of the technological acceptance model. Revista Electrónica Educare. 2014; 18: 247–264.

[25] National Mental Health Plan 2017–2025. 2017. Available at: LAN-NACIONAL-SALUD-MENTAL-2017-A-2025.-7-dic - 2017.pdf (Accessed: 5 October 2021).

[26] Campo-Redondo, M. Conception of Psychotherapy. Qualitative Approach from Grounded Theory. Revista Colombiana de Psi-cología. 2021; 30: 47–61.

[27] Acuña E. La psicoterapia: An opportune moment for clinical psychologists. Psychology from the Caribbean. Universidad del Norte. 2017; 34: 230–241.

[28] Urzúa A, Arbach K, Lourido M, Mas N. Directivity in the ther-apeutic relationship: analysis of the evidence found in research. Terapia psicológica. 2010; 28: 95–107.

[29] Rodríguez M, Agostinelli J, Díaz M, Daverio R. What patients do psychotherapists reject? An exploration of the cases - themes and personality styles - that disturb psychologists and psychia-trists in clinical work. Ciencias Psicológicas. 2019; 13: 32–44.

Abstracted / indexed in

Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch) Created as SCI in 1964, Science Citation Index Expanded now indexes over 9,200 of the world’s most impactful journals across 178 scientific disciplines. More than 53 million records and 1.18 billion cited references date back from 1900 to present.

Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition aims to evaluate a journal’s value from multiple perspectives including the journal impact factor, descriptive data about a journal’s open access content as well as contributing authors, and provide readers a transparent and publisher-neutral data & statistics information about the journal.

Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) DOAJ is a unique and extensive index of diverse open access journals from around the world, driven by a growing community, committed to ensuring quality content is freely available online for everyone.

SCImago The SCImago Journal & Country Rank is a publicly available portal that includes the journals and country scientific indicators developed from the information contained in the Scopus® database (Elsevier B.V.)

Publication Forum - JUFO (Federation of Finnish Learned Societies) Publication Forum is a classification of publication channels created by the Finnish scientific community to support the quality assessment of academic research.

Scopus: CiteScore 0.7 (2022) Scopus is Elsevier's abstract and citation database launched in 2004. Scopus covers nearly 36,377 titles (22,794 active titles and 13,583 Inactive titles) from approximately 11,678 publishers, of which 34,346 are peer-reviewed journals in top-level subject fields: life sciences, social sciences, physical sciences and health sciences.

Norwegian Register for Scientific Journals, Series and Publishers Search for publication channels (journals, series and publishers) in the Norwegian Register for Scientific Journals, Series and Publishers to see if they are considered as scientific. (

Submission Turnaround Time