Conversation analysis: psychotherapist interventions in different gender university students with depressive conditions and suicidal ideation
1Escuela de Psicología, Universidad Bernardo O’Higgins, 8320000 Santiago, Chile
2Escuela de Psicología, Universidad Gabriela Mistral, 8320000 Santiago, Chile
3Escuela de Psicología, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, 8320000 Santiago, Chile
DOI: 10.31083/j.jomh1802049 Vol.18,Issue 2,February 2022 pp.1-6
Submitted: 31 August 2021 Accepted: 25 October 2021
Published: 28 February 2022
Background: Research shows that university students have increased prevalence of depressive disorders with suicidal ideation. The aim of the study is to analyze the psychotherapist’s interventions in university students with a diagnosis of mild depression and suicidal ideation attended in a psychological center of an accredited university. Methods: Descriptive study of multiple cases and mixed method. The sessions were divided into three time segments to recognize the interventions used by the psychotherapist in the four therapeutic dyads. Results: Although the students share the same diagnosis, the psychotherapist’s interventions are different according to the gender and experience of the psychotherapist. The greater the experience, the more binding and chain interventions are used, while the psy-chotherapist in training uses expansion, change and explanatory interventions. Conclusions: Interventions are distributed differently throughout the sessions, are engaged according to the years of experience of the psychotherapist and the gender of the student. The diagnosis of depression does not affect the type of intervention used.
Psychotherapeutic interventions; University students; Suicidal ideation; Gender differences
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