The conundrum of exercise dose: when the unknown gets knowable
1Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133 Milan, Italy
2Department of Endocrinology, Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, IRCCS MultiMedica, 20138 Milan, Italy
DOI: 10.31083/j.jomh1803079 Vol.18,Issue 3,March 2022 pp.1-3
Submitted: 20 January 2022 Accepted: 25 January 2022
Published: 31 March 2022
The motto “Exercise is a medicine” has reached plethoric tone and the beneficial effects of exercise are nowadays blatant. In the clinical arena, the recommenda-tions of regular physical activity (PA) and exercise are well documented and represent an essential component of pri-mary and secondary prevention strategies [1,2]. However, when it comes to prescription and adherence to exercise training and programs, these behavioural interventions have showed limited efficacy . As a result, physical inactiv-ity remains largely prevalent among general and unhealthy populations. In addition, for people with several chronic diseases, physical inactivity is an increasingly worsening factor. The concept of optimal dose of exercise is still a matter of debate. This is the key for designing individually tailored programs so to yield health benefits, at the mini-mally conceived level.
In a pandemic context of environmental syndromic factors, dose-response studies are urgently advocated to de-termine the clear-cut therapeutic effects and the multiple health-promoting benefits of exercise.
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