The effects of combined aerobic and resistance training program in Korean male youth soccer players
1Department of Sports Science, College of Natural Science, Jeonbuk National University, 567 Jeonju-si, Republic of Korea
2REHA Sports Medical Center, Choiwonho Hospotal, 130-872 Seoul, Republic of Korea
DOI: 10.31083/j.jomh1805115 Vol.18,Issue 5,May 2022 pp.1-9
Submitted: 12 November 2021 Accepted: 28 December 2021
Published: 31 May 2022
Background: This study analyzed the effects of short-term, off-season physical training on the core dynamic and thigh muscle function of youth soccer players. Methods: For two weeks during the off-season, middle-school soccer players (MSP, n = 75) and high-school soccer players (HSP, n = 104) participated in exercise training (five times per week). Their body composition, physical fitness, core dynamic balance, and isokinetic muscle function were compared before and after training. Results: Both groups showed significant (p
soccer; off-season; adolescent; physical fitness; muscle function
Donghun Seong,Baek-un Seo,Sang Hyun Kim. The effects of combined aerobic and resistance training program in Korean male youth soccer players. Journal of Men's Health. 2022. 18(5);1-9.
 Bernal-Orozco MF, Posada-Falomir M, Quiñónez-Gastélum CM, Plascencia-Aguilera LP, Arana-Nuño JR, Badillo-Camacho N, et al. Anthropometric and Body Composition Profile of Young Professional Soccer Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2020; 34: 1911–1923.
 Reilly T, Bangsbo J, Franks A. Anthropometric and physiolog-ical predispositions for elite soccer. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2000; 18: 669–683.
 Malá L, Zahálka F, Maly T. Bioimpedance for Analysis of Body Composition in Sports. Bioimpedance in Biomedical Applica-tions and Research. 2018; 40: 243–256.
 Di Salvo V, Baron R, Tschan H, Calderon Montero FJ, Bachl N, Pigozzi F. Performance characteristics according to playing position in elite soccer. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 2007; 28: 222–227.
 Rampinini E, Coutts A, Castagna C, Sassi R, Impellizzeri F. Variation in top Level Soccer Match Performance. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 2007; 28: 1018–1024.
 Stølen T, Chamari K, Castagna C, Wisløff U. Physiology of Soc-cer. Sports Medicine. 2005; 35: 501–536.
 Gil SM, Gil J, Ruiz F, Irazusta A, Irazusta J. Physiological and anthropometric characteristics of young soccer players accord-ing to their playing position. Journal of Strength and Condition-ing Research. 2007; 21: 438–445.
 Lee KH, Lee K, Choi YC. Very Short-Term High Intensity In-terval Training in High School Soccer Players. Journal of Men’s Health. 2020; 16: e1–e8.
 Hoff J. Training and testing physical capacities for elite soccer players. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2005; 23: 573–582.
 Hoff J, Helgerud J. Endurance and Strength Training for Soccer Players. Sports Medicine. 2004; 34: 165–180.
 Hoff J, Wisløff U, Engen LC, Kemi OJ, Helgerud J. Soccer specific aerobic endurance training. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2002; 36: 218–221.
 Slettaløkken G, Rønnestad BR. High-Intensity Interval Training every second Week Maintains V[Combining Dot above]O2max in Soccer Players during off-Season. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2014; 28: 1946–1951.
 Caldwell BP, Peters DM. Seasonal Variation in Physiological Fitness of a Semiprofessional Soccer Team. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2009; 23: 1370–1377.
 Figueiredo AJ, Gonçalves CE, Coelho e Silva MJ, Malina RM. Characteristics of youth soccer players who drop out, persist or move up. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2009; 27: 883–891.
 Malina RM, Eisenmann JC, Cumming SP, Ribeiro B, Aroso J. Maturity-associated variation in the growth and functional ca-pacities of youth football (soccer) players 13–15 years. Euro-pean Journal of Applied Physiology. 2004; 91: 555–562.
 Gissis I, Papadopoulos C, Kalapotharakos VI, Sotiropoulos A, Komsis G, Manolopoulos E. Strength and speed characteristics of elite, subelite, and recreational young soccer players. Re-search in Sports Medicine. 2006; 14: 205–214.
 Gravina L, Gil SM, Ruiz F, Zubero J, Gil J, Irazusta J. Anthropo-metric and physiological differences between first team and re-serve soccer players aged 10-14 years at the beginning and end of the season. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2008; 22: 1308–1314.
 Bastos FN, Vanderlei FM, Vanderlei LCM, Júnior JN, Pastre CM. Investigation of characteristics and risk factors of sports injuries in young soccer players: a retrospective study. Interna-tional Archives of Medicine. 2013; 6: 14.
 Dick R, Putukian M, Agel J, Evans TA, Marshall SW. Descrip-tive epidemiology of collegiate women’s soccer injuries: Na-tional Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance Sys-tem, 1988–1989 through 2002–2003. Journal of Athletic Train-ing. 2007; 42: 278–285.
 Aagaard P, Simonsen EB, Magnusson SP, Larsson B, Dyhre-Poulsen P. A new concept for isokinetic hamstring: quadriceps muscle strength ratio. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 1998; 26: 231–237.
 Hrysomallis C. Relationship between balance ability, training and sports injury risk. Sports Medicine. 2007; 37: 547–556.
 Janz KF, Mahoney LT. Three-year follow-up of changes in aero-bic fitness during puberty: the Muscatine Study. Research Quar-terly for Exercise and Sport. 1997; 68: 1–9.
 Kanehisa H, Fukunaga T. Profiles of musculoskeletal develop-ment in limbs of college Olympic weightlifters and wrestlers. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology. 1999; 79: 414–420.
 Sternfeld B, Sidney S, Jacobs DR, Sadler MC, Haskell WL, Schreiner PJ. Seven-Year Changes in Physical Fitness, Physi-cal Activity, and Lipid Profile in the CARDIA Study. Annals of Epidemiology. 1999; 9: 25–33.
 Rugg S, Sternlicht E. The effect of graduated compression tights, compared with running shorts, on counter movement jump performance before and after submaximal running. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2013; 27: 1067–1073.
 Jackson AS, Pollock ML. Generalized equations for predicting body density of men. British Journal of Nutrition. 1978; 40: 497–504.
 Boer P. Estimated lean body mass as an index for normaliza-tion of body fluid volumes in humans. The American Journal of Physiology. 1984; 247: F632–F636.
 Plisky PJ, Gorman PP, Butler RJ, Kiesel KB, Underwood FB, Elkins B. The reliability of an instrumented device for measuring components of the star excursion balance test. North American Journal of Sports Physical Therapy. 2009; 4: 92.
 Chun J, Seo J, Park S, Won YH, Kim G, Moon S, et al. Effects of 3-Dimensional Lumbar Stabilization Training for Balance in Chronic Hemiplegic Stroke Patients: a Randomized Controlled Trial. Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine. 2016; 40: 972.
 Sutton L, Scott M, Wallace J, Reilly T. Body composition of En-glish Premier League soccer players: Influence of playing posi-tion, international status, and ethnicity. Journal of Sports Sci-ences. 2009; 27: 1019–1026.
 Meckel Y, Doron O, Eliakim E, Eliakim A. Seasonal Varia-tions in Physical Fitness and Performance Indices of Elite Soccer Players. Sports. 2018; 6: 14.
 Buhrle M, Schmidtbleicher D. The influence of maximal strength training on movement velocity. Leistungssport. 1977; 7: 3–10.
 Wisløff U, Castagna C, Helgerud J, Jones R, Hoff J. Strong cor-relation of maximal squat strength with sprint performance and vertical jump height in elite soccer players. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2004; 38: 285–288.
 Requena B, González-Badillo JJ, Villareal ESSD, Ereline J, García I, Gapeyeva H, et al. Functional Performance, Maxi-mal Strength, and Power Characteristics in Isometric and Dy-namic Actions of Lower Extremities in Soccer Players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 2009; 23: 1391–1401.
 Lehance C, Binet J, Bury T, Croisier JL. Muscular strength, functional performances and injury risk in professional and ju-nior elite soccer players. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2009; 19: 243–251.
 Malone S, Hughes B, Doran DA, Collins K, Gabbett TJ. Can the workload-injury relationship be moderated by improved strength, speed and repeated-sprint qualities? Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2019; 22: 29–34.
 Dolci F, Hart NH, Kilding AE, Chivers P, Piggott B, Spiteri T. Physical and Energetic Demand of Soccer: a Brief Review. Strength & Conditioning Journal. 2020; 42: 70–77.
 Helgerud J, Rodas G, Kemi OJ, Hoff J. Strength and en-durance in elite football players. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 2011; 32: 677–682.
 Blazevich AJ, Jenkins DG. Effect of the movement speed of re-sistance training exercises on sprint and strength performance in concurrently training elite junior sprinters. Journal of Sports Sciences. 2002; 20: 981–990.
 Bird SP, Tarpenning KM, Marino FE. Designing Resistance Training Programmes to Enhance Muscular Fitness. Sports Medicine. 2005; 35: 841–851.
 Muñoz-Martínez FA, Rubio-Arias J Ramos-Campo DJ, Alcaraz PE. Effectiveness of Resistance Circuit-Based Training for Max-imum Oxygen Uptake and Upper-Body one-Repetition Maxi-mum Improvements: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sports Medicine. 2017; 47: 2553–2568.
 Huxel Bliven KC, Anderson BE. Core stability training for in-jury prevention. Sports Health. 2013; 5: 514–522.
 Zerf M. Body composition versus body fat percentage as pre-dictors of posture/balance control mobility and stability among football players under 21 years. Physical Education of Students. 2017; 21: 96–102.
 Kibler WB, Press J, Sciascia A. The role of core stability in ath-letic function. Sports Medicine. 2006; 36: 189–198.
 Barron BA. Book Review: Techniques in Musculoskeletal Re-habilitation. Prentice WE, Voight MI, eds. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2001, 780 pp., $64.95 (hardbound). Journal of Occupa-tional Rehabilitation. 2003; 13: 201.
 Prentice WE, Voightı Michael L. Técnicas em reabilitação mus-culoesquelética. Artmed. 2003.
 Mueller S, Mayer P, Baur H, Mayer F. Higher velocities in isoki-netic dynamometry: a pilot study of new test mode with active compensation of inertia. Isokinetics and Exercise Science. 2011; 19: 63–70.
 Daneshjoo A, Rahnama N, Mokhtar AH, Yusof A. Effective-ness of injury prevention programs on developing quadriceps and hamstrings strength of young male professional soccer play-ers. Journal of Human Kinetics. 2013; 39: 115–125.
 Blache Y, Monteil K. Contralateral strength imbalance between dominant and non-dominant lower limb in soccer players. Sci-ence & Sports. 2012; 27: e1–e8.
 Fonseca STD, Ocarino JM, Silva PLPD, Bricio RS, Costa CA, Wanner LL. Caracterização da performance muscular em atle-tas profissionais de futebol. Revista Brasileira De Medicina do Esporte. 2007; 13: 143–147.
 Newton RU, Gerber A, Nimphius S, Shim JK, Doan BK, Robert-son M, et al. Determination of functional strength imbalance of the lower extremities. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Re-search. 2006; 20: 971–977.
 Tumilty D. Physiological characteristics of elite soccer players. Sports Medicine. 1993; 16: 80–96.
 Lee JWY, Mok K, Chan HCK, Yung PSH, Chan K. Eccentric hamstring strength deficit and poor hamstring-to-quadriceps ra-tio are risk factors for hamstring strain injury in football: a prospective study of 146 professional players. Journal of Sci-ence and Medicine in Sport. 2018; 21: 789–793.
 Kannus P. Knee flexor and extensor strength ratios with defi-ciency of the lateral collateral ligament. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 1988; 69: 928–931.
 Cometti G, Maffiuletti NA, Pousson M, Chatard JC, Maffulli N. Isokinetic strength and anaerobic power of elite, subelite and amateur French soccer players. International Journal of Sports Medicine. 2001; 22: 45–51.
 Fousekis K, Tsepis E, Vagenas G. Lower limb strength in pro-fessional soccer players: profile, asymmetry, and training age. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine. 2010; 9: 364–373.
 Wik EH, Auliffe SM, Read PJ. Examination of Physical Charac-teristics and Positional Differences in Professional Soccer Play-ers in Qatar. Sports. 2019; 7: 9.
 Pearson J, Wadhi T, Barakat C, Aube D, Schoenfeld BJ, An-dersen JC, et al. Does Varying Repetition Tempo in a Single-Joint Lower Body Exercise Augment Muscle Size and Strength in Resistance-Trained Men? Journal of Strength and Condition-ing Research. 2021. (in press)
 Powell JW, Dompier TP. Analysis of injury rates and treatment patterns for time-loss and non–time-loss injuries among colle-giate student-athletes. Journal of Athletic Training. 2004; 39: 56.
Science Citation Index Expanded (SciSearch) Created as SCI in 1964, Science Citation Index Expanded now indexes over 9,200 of the world’s most impactful journals across 178 scientific disciplines. More than 53 million records and 1.18 billion cited references date back from 1900 to present.
Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition aims to evaluate a journal’s value from multiple perspectives including the journal impact factor, descriptive data about a journal’s open access content as well as contributing authors, and provide readers a transparent and publisher-neutral data & statistics information about the journal.
Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) DOAJ is a unique and extensive index of diverse open access journals from around the world, driven by a growing community, committed to ensuring quality content is freely available online for everyone.
SCImago The SCImago Journal & Country Rank is a publicly available portal that includes the journals and country scientific indicators developed from the information contained in the Scopus® database (Elsevier B.V.)
Publication Forum - JUFO (Federation of Finnish Learned Societies) Publication Forum is a classification of publication channels created by the Finnish scientific community to support the quality assessment of academic research.
Scopus: CiteScore 0.7 (2022) Scopus is Elsevier's abstract and citation database launched in 2004. Scopus covers nearly 36,377 titles (22,794 active titles and 13,583 Inactive titles) from approximately 11,678 publishers, of which 34,346 are peer-reviewed journals in top-level subject fields: life sciences, social sciences, physical sciences and health sciences.
Norwegian Register for Scientific Journals, Series and Publishers Search for publication channels (journals, series and publishers) in the Norwegian Register for Scientific Journals, Series and Publishers to see if they are considered as scientific. (https://kanalregister.hkdir.no/publiseringskanaler/Forside).