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Health Perceptions of Korean and Japanese Adolescents During the Prolonged COVID-19 Pandemic: An Importance Performance Analysis

  • Hyun-su Youn1,†
  • Eui-Jae Lee2,†
  • Sukou Riki3
  • Chizuru Mizno4
  • Chul-min Kim5,*,§
  • Yoshinori Okade6,*,§

1Department of Physical Education, College of Education, WonKwang University, 54538 Ik San, Republic of Korea

2Department of Physical Education, Graduate School of Education, Sogang University, 04107 Seoul, Republic of Korea

3Department of Physical Education, Japan Women’s College of Physical Education, 157-0061 Tokyo, Japan

4Department of Digital Business Japanese Jangan University, 18331 Hwasung-si, Republic of Korea

5Department of Physical Education, College of Education, Korea University, 02841 Seoul, Republic of Korea

6Department of Sports and International Studies, Ninppon Sport Science University, 158-8508 Tokyo, Japan

DOI: 10.31083/j.jomh1811211 Vol.18,Issue 11,November 2022 pp.1-11

Published: 30 November 2022

*Corresponding Author(s): Chul-min Kim E-mail:
*Corresponding Author(s): Yoshinori Okade E-mail:

† These authors contributed equally.

§ The author’s own special request.


Background: This study compares and analyzes the importance and performance of Korean and Japanese adolescents’ health aware-ness in the long COVID-19 pandemic situation. Methods: A frequency analysis was conducted on data collected from 1341 Korean and Japanese adolescents in September 2021 through online and offline surveys to confirm their characteristics (reliability was verified through Cronbach’s α). A paired sample test was conducted to analyze health awareness differences and performance of each variable be-tween Korean and Japanese middle-school students and between male and female participants, substantiated by importance-performance analysis (IPA). Results: First, Korean adolescents perceived importance for all factors of health perception greater as compared to their Japanese counterparts. Second, performance differences between Korean and Japanese adolescents were especially significant in hygiene management, disease management and physical activity. Third, in Quadrant 4 of the IPA matrix, there were similarities and differences in a particular factor of health perception between Korean and Japanese adolescents. On this basis, we proposed measures emphasizing the importance of health, to enhance Korean and Japanese adolescents’ performance. Conclusions: It is important for national government, public education institutions, and families to couple a therapeutic approach with a preventive and management approach that encourages periodic exercise, desirable diet, and adequate sleep when exploring measures to maintain and promote adolescents’ health.


importance-performance analysis; COVID-19; health perceptions; Korean; Japanese; adolescents

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Hyun-su Youn,Eui-Jae Lee,Sukou Riki,Chizuru Mizno,Chul-min Kim,Yoshinori Okade. Health Perceptions of Korean and Japanese Adolescents During the Prolonged COVID-19 Pandemic: An Importance Performance Analysis. Journal of Men's Health. 2022. 18(11);1-11.


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