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Original Research

Open Access Special Issue

Match-to-match variations in external load measures during congested weeks in professional male soccer players

  • Rui Silva1
  • Halil Ibrahim Ceylan2
  • Georgian Badicu3
  • Hadi Nobari4,5,6
  • Sílvio Afonso Carvalho7
  • Tiago Sant’Ana1
  • Bruno Mendes8
  • Yung-Sheng Chen9
  • Filipe Manuel Clemente1,10

1Escola Superior Desporto e Lazer, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, Rua Escola Industrial e Comercial de Nun’Álvares, 4900-347 Viana do Castelo, Portugal

2Physical Education and Sports Teaching Department, Kazim Karabekir Faculty of Education, Ataturk University, 25030 Erzurum, Turkey

3Department of Physical Education and Special Motricity, University Transilvania of Brasov, 500068 Brasov, Romania

4Department of Physical Education and Sports, University of Granada, 18010 Granada, Spain

5Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan, 81746-7344 Isfahan, Iran

6HEME Research Group, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain

7Associação de Futebol de Bragança, 5300-379 Bragança, Portugal

8Faculty of Human Kinetics, University of Lisboa, 1649-004 Lisboa, Portugal

9Department of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Taipei, 11153 Taipei, Taiwan

10Instituto de Telecomunicações, Delegação da Covilhã, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal

DOI: 10.31083/jomh.2021.063 Vol.17,Issue 4,September 2021 pp.207-217

Submitted: 01 May 2021 Accepted: 01 June 2021

Published: 30 September 2021

(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise and sports in men: from health to sports performance)

*Corresponding Author(s): Georgian Badicu E-mail:


Objectives: This study aimed to analyze within-week and within-match external load variations in male soccer players over three consecutive matches during a congested week.

Methods: The study cohort included nineteen elite professional male players (age: 26.5 ± 4.3 years) from a European First League team. Players were monitored daily over a full season using measurements collected by global positioning systems (GPSs). GPS-derived measures of total distance (TD), high-speed running (HSR), high metabolic load (HML), and maximal speed (maxSpeed) were collected during each match.

Results: TD and HML intensity were meaningfully lower during the second half of the season than the first half for all weeks (p < 0.05), regardless of the number of matches. Also, the standardized differences for both metrics presented moderate-to-strong effect sizes. Although no significant differences between halves were found for HSR or maxSpeed (p > 0.05), these measures presented inconsistently minimum-to-strong effect sizes in some matches in overall weeks.

Conclusion: The findings of this study revealed that TD and HML distances were significantly different between halves for all weeks, regardless of the number of matches. Meanwhile, HSR and maxSpeed measures presented no significant differences across matches overall.


External load; Load monitoring; Sports science; Performance; GPS

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Rui Silva,Halil Ibrahim Ceylan,Georgian Badicu,Hadi Nobari,Sílvio Afonso Carvalho,Tiago Sant’Ana,Bruno Mendes,Yung-Sheng Chen,Filipe Manuel Clemente. Match-to-match variations in external load measures during congested weeks in professional male soccer players. Journal of Men's Health. 2021. 17(4);207-217.


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