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Original Research

Open Access

Development of multistage 10-m shuttle run test for VO2max estimation in healthy adults

  • Hong-Lae Cho1
  • Hun-Young Park2,3
  • Sang-Seok Nam4,*,

1Department of Sports Medicine, Kyunghee University, 17104 Yongin, Republic of Korea

2Physical Acitvity and Performance Institute, Konkuk University, 05029 Seoul, Republic of Korea

3Department of Sports Medicine and Science, Graduate School of Konkuk University, 05029 Seoul, Republic of Korea

4Taekwondo Research Institute, Kukkiwon, 06130 Seoul, Republic of Korea

DOI: 10.31083/jomh.2021.066 Vol.18,Issue 1,January 2022 pp.1-8

Submitted: 24 March 2021 Accepted: 23 April 2021

Published: 31 January 2022

*Corresponding Author(s): Sang-Seok Nam E-mail:


Background and objective: The disadvantage of the traditional 20-m multistage shuttle run test (MST) is that it requires a long space for measurements and does not include various age groups to develop the test. Therefore, we developed a new MST to improve the spatial limitation by reducing the measurement to a 10-m distance and to resolve the bias via uniform distributions of gender and age.

Material and methods: Study subjects included 120 healthy adults (60 males and 60 females) aged 20 to 50 years. All subjects performed a graded maximal exercise test (GXT) and a 10-m MST at five-day intervals. We developed a regression model using 70% of the subject's data and performed a cross-validation test using 30% of the data.

Results: The male regression model's coefficient of determination (R2) was 58.8%, and the standard error of estimation (SEE) was 4.17 mL/kg/min. The female regression model's R2 was 69.2%, and the SEE was 3.39 mL/kg/min. The 10-m MST showed a high correlation with GXT on the VO2max (males: 0.816; females: 0.821). In the cross-validation test for the developed regression models, the male's SEE was 4.38 mL/kg/min, and the female's SEE was 4.56 mL/kg/min.

Conclusion: Thus, the 10-m MST is an accurate and valid method for estimating the VO2max. Therefore, the 10-m MST developed by us can be used when the existing 20-m MST cannot be used due to spatial limitations and can be applied to both men and women in their 20s and 50s.


Shuttle run test; VO2max estimation; Exercise test; Multistage shuttle run

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Hong-Lae Cho,Hun-Young Park,Sang-Seok Nam. Development of multistage 10-m shuttle run test for VO2max estimation in healthy adults. Journal of Men's Health. 2022. 18(1);1-8.


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