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Evaluating process and outcomes of interventions for promoting sport participation among South Korean university students

  • Junhye Kwon1
  • Seiyeong Park1
  • Chiyoung Ahn1
  • Chung Gun Lee1,2,*,

1Department of Physical Education, College of Education, 71-1, Seoul National University, 08826 Seoul, Republic of Korea

2Institute of Sport Science, Seoul National University, 08826 Seoul, Republic of Korea

DOI: 10.31083/jomh.2021.137 Vol.18,Issue 4,April 2022 pp.1-7

Submitted: 16 September 2021 Accepted: 15 October 2021

Published: 30 April 2022

(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports and physical activities for men’s health)

*Corresponding Author(s): Chung Gun Lee E-mail:


Background: Based on previous research that identified salient beliefs with regard to sport participation among university students, four types of interventions (i.e., social dance class, social dance video, poster, and e-mail) were developed to promote sport participation among the target population. The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the process and outcomes of interventions for promoting sport participation among university students.

Methods: The number of views registered on social dance videos and acknowledgements through e-mail were computed to evaluate reach and dose received. Three process evaluators also responded to a 22-item survey and expressed their conceptions on each intervention. Primary and secondary outcomes were analyzed using paired t-tests to assess changes in beliefs and sport participation pre-to post-intervention.

Results: Social dance video and poster interventions were relatively more effective in changing target behavior compared to the other two interventions. Following the interventions, students participating in sports less than 150 minutes per week at one-month follow-up were more likely to believe that participating in sports helps them build social relationships, less likely to perceive being tired is bad, and less likely to acknowledge that participating in sports takes too much time. Importantly, the mean duration of sport participation per week increased by 78.49 minutes among students who participated in sport less than 150 minutes per week.

Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest that sport participation programs involving video and poster interventions may effectively promote involvement in sporting activities among university students. Future research should implement these interventions in a larger population.


Sport participation intervention; Process evaluation; Outcome evaluation; Program evaluation; Health promotion

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Junhye Kwon,Seiyeong Park,Chiyoung Ahn,Chung Gun Lee. Evaluating process and outcomes of interventions for promoting sport participation among South Korean university students. Journal of Men's Health. 2022. 18(4);1-7.


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