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Original Research

Open Access Special Issue

Predictors of mental health among male university employees during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic

  • Danielle Maltais1,*,
  • Christiane Bergeron-Leclerc1
  • Véronique Gauthier2
  • Jacques Cherblanc1
  • Eve Boily1
  • Jacinthe Dion3
  • Eve Pouliot1
  • Oscar Labra4

1Human and Social Sciences, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi (UQAC), Saguenay, QC G7H2B1, Canada

2School of Social work and Criminology, Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V0A6, Canada

3Health Sciences, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi (UQAC), Saguenay, QC G7H2B1, Canada

4Human and Social Development, Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue (UQAT), Rouyn-Noranda, QC J9X5E4, Canada

DOI: 10.31083/j.jomh1805112 Vol.18,Issue 5,May 2022 pp.1-11

Submitted: 25 November 2021 Accepted: 11 January 2022

Published: 31 May 2022

(This article belongs to the Special Issue COVID-19 impact on men's mental health)

*Corresponding Author(s): Danielle Maltais E-mail:


Background: The COVID-19 pandemic forced university staff to change their work practices. This has had an impact on their work performance and has caused various stresses. Until now, little attention has been paid to males working in this type of educational institution. In this study, we sought to determine the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on males working in educational institutions. Methods: A quantitative study with three phases of data collection was conducted at eleven Canadian universities. Between 264 and 371 males completed an online questionnaire with validated tests to measure their level of anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress. Results: During the first year of the pandemic, anxiety and depression scale scores increased while post-traumatic stress scores decreased. This study also revealed that the feelings and meanings that males gave to the pandemic played a very important role in their mental health. Conclusions: University administrations should not underestimate the suffering that male employees may experience during a crisis such as the COVID-19 pandemic.


mental health; COVID-19; academic employees; post-traumatic stress symptoms; anxiety; depression

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Danielle Maltais,Christiane Bergeron-Leclerc,Véronique Gauthier,Jacques Cherblanc,Eve Boily,Jacinthe Dion,Eve Pouliot,Oscar Labra. Predictors of mental health among male university employees during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Men's Health. 2022. 18(5);1-11.


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