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Original Research

Open Access Special Issue

Variations of High-Intensity GPS Derived Measures between Playing Status during a Full Soccer Season in a Professional Male Team

  • Hadi Nobari1,2,3,*,§,
  • Roghayyeh Gholizadeh3
  • Alexandre Duarte Martins4
  • Ricardo De la Vega5
  • Rafael Oliveira4,6,7,*,

1Department of Physiology, School of Sport Sciences, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain

2Sports Scientist, Sepahan Football Club, 81887-78473 Isfahan, Iran

3Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, 56199-11367 Ardabil, Iran

4Sports Science School of Rio Maior–Polytechnic Institute of Santarém, 2040-413 Rio Maior, Portugal

5Department of Physical Education, Sport & Human Movement, Autonomous University of Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain

6Research Centre in Sport Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, 5001-801 Vila Real, Portugal

7Life Quality Research Centre, 2040-413 Rio Maior, Portugal

DOI: 10.31083/j.jomh1806137 Vol.18,Issue 6,June 2022 pp.1-11

Published: 30 June 2022

(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional and health development approaches in male athletes)

*Corresponding Author(s): Hadi Nobari E-mail:
*Corresponding Author(s): Rafael Oliveira E-mail:

§ The author’s own special request.


Background: This study’s aim was twofold: (i) to compare starters and non-starters on a professional soccer team in terms of variations in training intensity indexes across a season, calculated through total distance, sprint distance, accelerations (Acc), and decelerations (Dec) and (ii) to analyse the relationship between the intensity indexes for each playing status. Methods: Nineteen players (age, 29.4 ± 4.4 years; height, 1.8 ± 0.1 m; body mass, 74.8 ± 2.3 kg) were divided into starters and non-starters and followed for 43 weeks using global positioning systems. Results: Training intensity measures (acute:chronic workload ratio [ACWR], coupled and uncoupled) were higher during the latter stage of the season. Total distance peaked during the mid-season, whereas the highest value for exponentially weighted moving average (EWMA) was recorded later in the season. Interestingly, the EMWA of total distance showed little variation during the season for players of both playing statuses. The EWMA of total distance showed a significant higher value for starters than non-starters (p = 0.036; g = 1.27 [0.31, 2.32]). The interruption in games between week 34 and week 35 due to COVID-19 moved some measures into the injury risk zone — namely, the ACWR coupled of sprint distance and Dec; the ACWR uncoupled of total distance, sprint distance, Acc, Dec; and the EWMA of sprint distance, Acc and Dec. Conclusions: The highest training intensity measures were reported late in the season and were similar between starters and non-starters. Across the season, only one difference between starters and non-starters occurred, revealing that training intensity was properly managed throughout the season regardless of the status of the players.


ACWR; EWMA; coupled; uncoupled; GPS; sprint; acceleration; deceleration; player status

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Hadi Nobari,Roghayyeh Gholizadeh,Alexandre Duarte Martins,Ricardo De la Vega,Rafael Oliveira. Variations of High-Intensity GPS Derived Measures between Playing Status during a Full Soccer Season in a Professional Male Team. Journal of Men's Health. 2022. 18(6);1-11.


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