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Original Research

Open Access Special Issue

Digit Ratio (2D:4D) and Performance of Chinese Elite Archers

  • Jin Wu1,†
  • Xinlong Liu2,†
  • Yujia Wang1
  • Yunlu Zhang3
  • Yongzhao Fan2,*,

1Sports Department, Beijing City University, 101309 Beijing, China

2Graduate School, Capital University of Physical Education and Sports, 100191 Beijing, China

3Sports Department, Jiang Su Fangshan Sports Training Base, 210049 Nanjing, Jiangsu, China

DOI: 10.31083/j.jomh1811214 Vol.18,Issue 11,November 2022 pp.1-5

Published: 30 November 2022

(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical and Mental Health in Sports)

*Corresponding Author(s): Yongzhao Fan E-mail:

† These authors contributed equally.


Background: Previous studies have found a correlation between digit ratio (2D:4D) and performance in sporting events which require physical competence. Such correlation, however, has not been well studied in technique-oriented sports. This study explored the corre-lation between 2D:4D and sporting performance of Chinese elite archers. Also it provides some references for sports research in other fields. Methods: We conducted the study with 31 Chinese elite archers (15 males and 16 females) preparing for the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games and collected their 2D:4D ratios by measuring their index and ring fingers. The study also asked them to take physical fitness tests including push-ups, decline sit-ups, half-squat and a 4000-meter run, and obtained their results in former ranking tournaments and Olympic elimination series. The study recorded every entry of data in a “mean ± standard deviation” (M ± SD) format and processed them in SPSS 24.0 to produce One-Way ANOVA and Pearson correlations. Results: Our study found no significant difference between varied sporting levels in the left 2D:4D, and between world-class and national-level archers in the right 2D:4D (p > 0.05), yet a signifi-cant one between left-right 2D:4D of world-class, national-level, and level-1 archers (p < 0.01). We also found no significant correlation between the left 2D:4D and specific physical fitness test results, and between those archers’ results. Similarly, there was a significant negative correlation between the right 2D:4D and specific test results (p < 0.05), and a strong negative correlation between that and results of ranking tournaments (p < 0.01) and Olympic elimination series (p < 0.01). Conclusions: Chinese elite archers with lower right 2D:4D are of better physical fitness and enhanced sport performance. Hence, the right 2D:4D may act as a critical indicator in selecting excellent archers.


archery; finger length ratio; performance; correlation; sports selection

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Jin Wu,Xinlong Liu,Yujia Wang,Yunlu Zhang,Yongzhao Fan. Digit Ratio (2D:4D) and Performance of Chinese Elite Archers. Journal of Men's Health. 2022. 18(11);1-5.


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